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100 terms

Barron's 800 Unit 41-50

Barron's 800 Essential Words for the GRE Unit 41-50
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inadvertenly
adv 无意的,随意的
carelessly; unintentionally
incarnate
adj 人体化的;化身的
having bodily form; Embodied in flesh; in human form
inchoate
adj 未成熟的;不完善的
imperfectely formed or formulated
incongruity
n 不协调;不合适
state of not fitting
inconsequencial
adj 不重要的
insgnificant; unimportant
incorporate
v 吸收;纳入,并入
introduce something into another thing already in existence
incursion
n 突然入侵
sudden invasion
e.g. incursions into enemy territory
indeterminate
adj 不明确的;不确定的
uncertain; indefinite
indigence
n 贫穷;困顿
poverty
indolent
adj 懒散的;怠惰的
habitually lazy; idle
ineluctable
adj 不可避免的
not to be avoided or escaped; inevitable
inert
adj 无活力的;惰性的
unable to move; sluggish
ingenuous
adj 天真的;朴实的
naive and trusting; lacking sophistication
inherent
adj 天性的;固有的
firmly established by nature or habit
innocuous
adj 无害的
harmless
insensible
adj 无意识的;无知觉的
unconscious; unresponsive
insinuate
v 暗示
to suggest; say indirectly; imply
insipid
adj 乏味的;无趣的
lacking in flavor; dull
insouciant
adj 漠不关心的
indifferent; lacking concern or care
insularity
n 思想狭隘;与外界隔绝
narrow-mindedness; isolation
insuperable
adj 不可逾越的;无法克制的
insurmountable; unconquerable, incapable of being surmounted or excelled
e.g.
insuperable financial problems
intangible
adj 无形的
incapable of being perceived by the senses especially the sense of touch, not able to be touched; not concrete
interdict
v 禁止;阻止
to forbid; prohibit
internecine
(in-ter-nee-seen, in-ter-nee-sahyn)
adj 两败俱伤的
Destructive to both sides in a conflict
e.g. the region's history of savage internecine warfare
Of or relating to conflict within a group or organization
e.g. the party shrank from the trauma of more internecine strife
interpolate
v 1- 插入 2- 篡改
to insert; change by adding new words or material
interregnum
n 中断;空位期;过渡期
interval between reigns; gap in continuity
intimate
adj 亲密的;密切的 v 暗示
Noun
marked by close acquaintance
Verb
Imply or hint
e.g. he had already intimated that he might not be able to continue
intractable
adj 不易处理的
not easily managed
intransigence
n 固执;不妥协
stubbornness; refusal to compromise
introspective
adj 内省的,自省的,反省的
contemplating one's own thoughts and feelings
inundate
v 淹没
to cover with water, overwhelm
inure
v 使习惯于
to accustom
invective
n 辱骂
verbal abuse
inveigh
v 不赞同;猛烈抨击
to disapprove; protest vehemently
inveigle
v 哄骗;诱使
Persuade (someone) to do something by means of deception or flattery
to inveigle a person into playing bridge
inveterate
adj 牢固的;长期形成的;根深蒂固的
Having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change
e.g. he was an inveterate gambler
invidious
adj 讨厌的;引起反感的;招致不满的
likely to arouse or incur resentment or anger in others
e.g. she'd put herself in an invidious position
irascible
adj 易怒的
easily angered; easily irritated
irresolute
adj 犹豫不决的,优柔寡断的
unsure of how to act; weak
itinerant
adj 巡回的;流动的
wandering from place to place; unsettled
itinerary
n 旅行日程
route of a traveler's journey
jaundiced
(jawn-dist)
adj 1- 患黄疸病的 2- 狭隘的;有偏见的
+ having a yellowish discoloration of the skin
+ affected by envy
jibe
v 与......一致
to be in agreement
jocose
adj 开玩笑的;诙谐的;好玩的
fond of joking; jocular
juggernaut
n 不可抗拒的强大力量
huge froce destrying everything in its path
junta
n 执政团
A military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force
e.g. the country's ruling military junta
juxtapose
(juhk-stuh-pohz)
v 并列;并置
to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.
kudos
n 名誉;光荣;荣誉
fame; glory; honor
labile
adj 易变的
likely to change
laconic
adj 简洁的
using few words
lambaste
v 抨击;痛打
to trash verbally or physically
lascivious
(luh-siv-ee-uhs)
adj 淫荡的;好色的
lustful; wanton; lewd
e.g. a lascivious, girl-chasing old man.
arousing sexual desire
e.g. lascivious photographs.
lassitude
n 疲乏倦怠;无精打采
lethargy; sluggishness
latent
adj 潜在的;隐藏的
dormant; potential not apparent
laud
v 称赞;赞扬
praise
lethargic
adj 无精打采的
inactive
levee
n 防洪堤
en embankment that prevents a river from overflowing
levity
n 轻佻;轻浮;不严肃
light manner or attitude; frivolity esp. the treatment of a serious matter with humor or in a manner lacking due respect
liberal
adj 宽容的;开明的;慷慨的
tolerant; broad-minded
libertine
n 放荡不羁的人
one without moral restraint
libido
n 性欲,性冲动
sexual desire; sexual drive
lilliputian
adj 微小的
extremely small
limn
v 绘画,描绘
to draw, describe
limpid
adj 清晰的;透明的
clear; transparent
linguistic
adj 语言(方面)的
pertaining to language
litany
(lit-n-ee)
n 冗长的讲述;喋喋不休
lengthy recitation; repetitive chant
A tedious recital or repetitive series
e.g. a litany of complaints
literati
n 人文学士
scholarly or learned persons
litigation
n 诉讼;起诉
legal proceedings
log
n (旅行、航海等的)日志;记录 v 记录
record of a voyage; record of daily activities
loquacious
adj 多话的;滔滔不绝的
talkative
lucid
adj 清楚的;易懂的
bright; clear; intelligible
lucre
(loo-ker)
n 钱财;收益
money or profits esp. when regarded as sordid or distasteful or gained in a dishonorable way
e.g. officials getting their hands grubby with filthy lucre
luminous
adj 发光发亮的;鲜亮的
bright; brilliant; glowing
lustrous
adj 闪亮的
shining
machiavellian
(mak-ee-uh-vel-ee-uhn)
adj 不择手段的,耍诡计的
crafty, double-dealing, cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous
machinations
([mak-uh-ney-shuhn)
n 阴谋;谋划
plots or schemes
maelstrom
n 混乱;大漩涡
whirpool; turmoil
magnanimity
n 宽宏大度;高贵
generosity; nobility
malign
(muh-lahyn)
v 中伤;诽谤
to speak evil of, slander; defame
e.g. to malign an honorable man
malinger
v 装病以逃避责任
to feign illness to escape duty
malleable
adj 可塑的;易受影响的
capable of being shaped by pounding; impressionate
maverick
n 持异议者;特立独行者
dissenter
megalomania
(mega-loh-mey-nee-uh)
n 妄自尊大
Psychiatry: a symptom of mental illness marked by delusions of greatness, wealth, etc.
menagerie
(muh-naj-uh-ree)
n 动物群,兽群
a collection of wild or unusual animals, esp. for exhibition
mendacious
adj 不真实的;捏造的
dishonest, habitually lying
mendicant
n 行乞者;化缘者
beggar
meretricious
adj 华而不实的,徒有其表的
gaudy; specious; flasely attractive
mesmerize
v 迷住;进入催眠状态
to hypnotize; to spellbind; fascinate; to transfix
e.g. she was mesmerized by the blue eyes that stared so intently into her own
metamorphosis
n 变形;转变
change; transformation
metaphysics
n 玄学,形而上学
a branch of philosophy that investigates the ultimate nature of reality
metereological
adj 气象的
concerned with the weather
meticulous
adj 小心谨慎的
very careful; picky; fastidious
mettle
n 勇气;忍耐力
courage; endurance
mettlesome
adj 勇敢的;精神饱满的
full of courage and fortitude
microcosm
n 1- 缩影 2- 微观宇宙;微观世界
a small system having analogies to a larger system
opp. macrocosm
militate
v 发对
to work against
minatory
adj 恐吓的;威胁的
threatening; menacing
minuscule
adj 极小的
very small
minutiae
(mi-noo-shee-uh)
n 细节
The small, precise, or trivial details of something
e.g. the minutiae of everyday life
misanthrope
n 厌恶人类者;厌世者
one who hates humanity; one who dislikes others