5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- peripheral nervous system (PNS)
- association areas
- fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging)
- a areas of the cerebral cortex that are primarily involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.
- b the sensory and motor neurons connecting the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.
- c a technique for revealing bloodflow and therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. show brain function.
- d chemicals, such as opium, morphine, and heroin, that depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
- e neuron extensions that receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the biological clock; regular-bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle.
- portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments.
- a neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion.
- our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
- a neuron's reaction of either firing (with a full-strength response) or not firing.
5 True/False questions
motor cortex → area at the rear of the frontal lobe; controls voluntary movements.
sensory cortex → thin layer of interconnected neurons covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center.
split brain → condition in which the brain's two hemispheres are isolated by cutting the fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them.
autonomic nervous system → the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs (such as the heart). Its sympathetic division arouses; its parasympathetic division calms.
sympathetic nervous system → the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs (such as the heart). Its sympathetic division arouses; its parasympathetic division calms.