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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. nervous system
  2. insomnia
  3. narcolepsy
  4. sympathetic nervous system
  5. synapse
  1. a the division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations.
  2. b sleep disorder in which a person has uncontrollable sleep attacks, sometimes lapsing directly into REM sleep.
  3. c recurring problems in falling or staying asleep.
  4. d the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron.
  5. e the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
  2. "morphine within"-natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control to pleasure.
  3. portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments.
  4. the brain and spinal cord.
  5. neurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous to the muscles and glands.

5 True/False questions

  1. thalamusa neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion.


  2. dendritesneuron extensions that receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body.


  3. sleep apneaperiodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness-as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation.


  4. hypothalamusarea at the top of the brainstem; directs sensory messages to the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla.


  5. neurotransmittersneuron-produced chemicals that cross synapses to carry messages to other neurons or cells.