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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. central nervous system (CNS)
  2. autonomic nervous system
  3. inattentional blindness
  4. cerebellum
  5. nervous system
  1. a the "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance.
  2. b the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems.
  3. c failure to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere.
  4. d the brain and spinal cord.
  5. e the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs (such as the heart). Its sympathetic division arouses; its parasympathetic division calms.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also known as paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitches), but other body systems are active.
  2. the biological clock; regular-bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle.
  3. the sensory and motor neurons connecting the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.
  4. neurons that communicate internally and intervene between the sensory inputs and motor outputs.
  5. the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron.

5 True/False questions

  1. medullaa nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.

          

  2. hallucinationsneurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous to the muscles and glands.

          

  3. insomniarecurring problems in falling or staying asleep.

          

  4. frontal lobesportion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.

          

  5. opiateschemicals, such as opium, morphine, and heroin, that depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.