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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. selective attention
  2. Wernicke's area
  3. association areas
  4. hormones
  5. corpus callosum
  1. a a brain area, usually in the left temporal lobe, involved in the left temporal lobe, involved in language comprehension and expression; controls language reception.
  2. b chemical messengers that are manufactured by the endocrine glands, travel through the bloodstream, and affect other tissues.
  3. c large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them.
  4. d areas of the cerebral cortex that are primarily involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.
  5. e focusing conscious awareness on a particular stimulus.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the body's skeletal muscles. Also called the skeletal nervous system.
  2. "morphine within"-natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control to pleasure.
  3. the sensory and motor neurons connecting the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.
  4. neuron-produced chemicals that cross synapses to carry messages to other neurons or cells.
  5. the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience.

5 True/False questions

  1. circadian rhythmthe biological clock; regular-bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle.


  2. adrenal glandsportion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.


  3. REM rebounda nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.


  4. limbic systemneural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives.


  5. motor cortexarea at the rear of the frontal lobe; controls voluntary movements.


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