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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. sympathetic nervous system
  2. parietal lobes
  3. narcolepsy
  4. neuron
  5. frontal lobes
  1. a a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
  2. b portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.
  3. c sleep disorder in which a person has uncontrollable sleep attacks, sometimes lapsing directly into REM sleep.
  4. d the division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations.
  5. e portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing.
  2. chemicals, such as opium, morphine, and heroin, that depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
  3. condition in which the brain's two hemispheres are isolated by cutting the fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them.
  4. the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron.
  5. the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs (such as the heart). Its sympathetic division arouses; its parasympathetic division calms.

5 True/False questions

  1. reticular formationa nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal.


  2. plasticitythe brain's ability to change, especially during childhood by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience.


  3. hallucinationsneurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous to the muscles and glands.


  4. sensory neuronsneurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous to the muscles and glands.


  5. cerebellumthe "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance.