29 terms

Chapter 2 Vocab

Epithelial Tissue
The lining, covering and glandular tissue of the body
Apical Surface
The layer of plasma membrane on the apical side of the epithelial cells in a body tube or cavity
Basement Membrane
A structures material secreted by the cells
Simple Epithelium
Epithelium mad up of one layer of cells
Stratified Epithelium
Epithelium made up of a series of layers, the cells of each varying in size and shape
Simple Squamous
Single layer of think squamous cells resting on the basement membrane
Serous Membrane
Epithelium made up of a series of layers, the cells of each varying in size and shape
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
One layer of cubical cells resting on the basement membrane, is common in glands and ducts
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Is made up of a single layer of tall cells that fit closely together
Goblet Cell
Produce lubricating mucus
Glandular Epithelium
Cells that secrete proteins or hormones either though osmosis or diffusion.
An organ that secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body
A process by which substances are produced and discharged from a cell, gland, or organ for a particular function in the organism or for excretion
Endocrine Gland
These have NO DUCTS (tubes) for secretion of the material - uses diffusion to allow materials out. Thyroid gland is an example.
Exocrine Gland
Has ducts for exits - sweat gland are an example
Connective Tissue
Tissue that connect different tissues or hold organs together, there are many different types if tissue. EX: Muscle, blood, adipose, areolar, tendon, ligament, cartilage, blood
Collagen Fibers
Small fibers that help connect thing often found inside the blood
Elastic Fibers
Helps hold muscles together. Produced by fibroblasts and sooth muscle cells
Reticular Fibers
Any of the thin branching fibers of connective tissue
Bone cells sitting in a cavity surrounded by layers of very hard matrix that contains calcium salts in addition to larger numbers of collagen fibers
Hyaline Cartilage
A type of connective tissue composed of specialized cells in a translucent, pearly blue matrix
Fibrous Cartilage
A tough, elastic connective tissue found in the joints, outer ear, nose, larynx, and other parts of the body
Elastic Cartilage
A yellowish flexible cartilage in which the matrix is infiltrated by a network of elastic fibers; it occurs primarily in the external ear, eustachian tube, and some cartilages of the larynx and epiglottis
Attach skeletal muscles to bones
Connects bones to bones at joints
Areolar Tissue
A soft, pliable tissue that cushions and protects the body organs it wraps
Adipose Tissue
Make up adipose (fat) tissue
Blood is a connective tissues. While it may not seem that blood is a connective tissue - because it is a liquid - but when blood is exposed to air, connective fibers become solid to help
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth