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Terms in this set (51)
What are the two sides of self-rule?
Democracy and a republic
The United States is a democratic-republic.
The __________established a tax on virtually all forms of paper used by the colonists.
Stamp Act of 1765
Britain would repeal the Stamp Act in 1766 and replace it with the __________, which would then impose taxes on various imports.
Benjamin Franklin proposed a congress in order for the colonists to present a more unified front. This congress met in 1774 and was called __________.
The First Continental Congress
What war pushed Great Britain to tax colonists more, which led to the chief complaint leading to Revolution of "No Taxation without Representation?"
The French and Indian War
According to the Declaration of Independence the government works through:
The consent of the people
A Revolutionary War hero and several thousand distressed farmers forced courts to close and threatened federal arsenals in what became known as
Which of the following is not a success under the Articles of Confederation?
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Which of the following is a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
No means of regulating trade among the states or foreign nations,
Weak national defense, and No national court system.
According to Federalist #10, what kind of group was Madison fearful of?
Which of the following is a problem Anti-federalists had with the Constitution?
Lacked Bill of rights and no term limits on president
During the Constitutional Convention, which plan aided larger states by giving them more representation than smaller states?
The Virginia Plan
The Constitution requires ____________ of each chamber of Congress and _________ of the states to pass an amendment.
Two-thirds and three-fourths
The reserve powers of the states, sometimes referred to as the _________ powers, include the powers to protect the safety, health, and welfare of its citizens.
__________ federalism recognizes that, while the national government is supreme in some spheres, the state governments remain supreme in others, with layers of authority separate from one another, an arrangement that political scientists compared to a "layer cake."
A system of government in which both the national and state governments share power within the same political system.
__________ is a process that allows legislatures to put certain issues on the ballot for citizen approval, such as proposals to borrow money or increase taxes.
In a ____________ virtually all power goes to the national government.
Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution details the _________ powers of Congress.
The constitutional requirements for members of the House of Representatives include residency in the state he or she wishes to represent and:
Minimum 25 years old, and U.S. citizen for seven years.
Drawing of congressional boundaries to obtain a partisan advantage
True or False: Both chambers of Congress must pass identical bills in order for the bill to go to the president for his signature.
Which committee must all bills pass through in the House of Representatives?
Who is Thomas Brackett Reed?
A former Speaker of the House who increased the powers of the Speaker
The ___________ is the most powerful leadership position in the House of Representatives and the _____________ is the most powerful leadership position in the Senate.
The Speaker of the House and the Majority Leader
The constitutional requirements for members of the Senate include residency in the state he or she wishes to represent:
A minimum 30 years old, and a U.S. citizen for 9 years.
The President appoints individuals with the ___________________ of the __________________.
Advice and Consent and Senate
Lyndon B. Johnson's social welfare policy was known as the:
What are the three kinds of presidential powers?
Expressed, Delegated, and Inherent
How can congress override a presidential veto?
By a 2/3rds majority vote in each chamber
When presidents are accused of "high crimes and misdemeanors" they can be removed from office if: the ____________________ votes to impeach, and the _____________________ convicts with a 2/3 majority vote in a trial that is presided over the by Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
House of Representatives; Senate
Delegated presidential powers are:
Powers that are given to the president from Congress
By not following the precedent set by George Washington and only running for two terms, ___________'s fourth term in office prompted the Senate to propose the Twenty-Second Amendment that limits the president to two terms.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
There are ________________ cabinet departments.
What are the four core components of the bureaucracy?
Mission, hierarchy, expertise, culture
The Pendleton Civil Service Act is:
A law that shifted American government toward a merit-based public service
Which of the following is a concern by the government about the privatization of federal services?
The government does not have close oversight of private companies in regard to fraud, waste, and abuse.
Which of the following pushed the United States bureaucracy to become more efficient?
War, Economics, Geography, and Morality
Which of the following is an employee who reports mismanagement, corruption, or illegal activity within their bureaucratic agency?
In a modern democracy, a ______ sets forth the basic rules and procedures for how the people shall be governed, including the powers and structure of the government, as well as the rights retained by the people.
Name one problem the Great Compromise solved.
Set up congress
Provide one advantage and one disadvantage of federalism.
States are laboratories of success but difficult to unify country.
Provide an example of incumbency advantage.
What does the House Rules Committee do?
Sets rules for debate, Can decide how many amendments are allowed
Name one requirement for being elected president of the United States.
35 years of age
Provide one example of the president acting as chief legislator.
State of the union, Veto
When a president issues full forgiveness for a crime committed, it is called a
Name two of the five people (or groups) that can control the bureaucracy
The president and executive agencies
Name one of the ways the bureaucracy has become more efficient.
Describe two of the compromises that happened during the Constitutional convention. In your answer, make sure to describe both sides of the issue that was being debated (2.5 points each) and the outcome of the compromise (5 points).
At the Constitutional Convention the three fifths compromise took place. This gave states with larger slave populations a stronger representatives through the House of representatives. Northern states who had small slave populations felt like this wasn't fair that the southern states with larger populations felt like it was fair that their slave population counted in their overall population. At the end of the day they decided on slaves counting as only 3/5th of a person in the population count versus and full person so that they were still represented but didn't completely outweigh the population in the north.
At the convention there was also a compromise between the large and small states over their representation. Edmund Randolph from virginal presneted the Virgina plan which was countered with the New Jersey plan. From there the small states said they would leave if they lost their equal votes since the Virginia Plan gave more representation to the larger states. The larger states were happy with the larger voting power. When it was all said and done they decided that the House of Representative would be based off of population while the Senate would be equal among all the states, with each state getting two chairs.
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