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24 terms

4 groups of organic compounds

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four groups
carbs, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids
building block for carbs
monosacharides
function for carbs
living things main energy source
four types of carbs
sugar/starch. cellulose, glycogen, chitin
building block for nucleic acids
nucleotides
three parts of necleotides
deoxyribose sugar, nitrogen base, phosphate group
purpose of nucleic acids
to store and transmit genetic information
2 types of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
building block for protein
amino acids
function for protein
to catalyze chemical reactions and build muscles
building blocks for lipids
none
two types of lipids
saturated fats, unsaturated fats
function of lipids
used to store energy
organic compounds all contain...
the element carbon
atom
basic unit of matter
subatomic particles that make up atoms
neutrons, protons, electrons
organic molecules
contains carbon, come from things that were once alive
monomer
building block, many large molecules are made of them
density
d=m/v
cohesion
attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
attraction between molecules of a different substance
universal solvent
water, dissolves nutrients or sugar into our bloodstream
carbs
compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
cellulose
tough structural material found in plant cell walls