97 terms

black history bowl questions

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first American to play major league baseball
jackie robinson
wrote "lift every voice and sing"
james weldon johnson
won 4 Olympic gold medals in olympics
jesse owens
state/local laws in America between 1876 and 1964 that segregated public places
jim crow laws
creator of ebony and jet magazines
john h. johnson
texas holiday honoring the end of slavery
juneteenth
black novelist and playwright who worked during the harlem renaissance
Langston hughes
group of African American students who worked during the harlem renaissance
little rock nine
African American playwright who wrote "a raisin in the sun"
Lorraine hansberry
African American business woman, hair care entrepreneur and philanthropist
madam c.j. walker
sang "precious lord, take my hand" in mlk funeral procession. considered the queen of gospel
mahalia jackson
Malcom x
Malcom little
a large political rally in support of civil and economic rights for black americans 1963
march on washington
founder of the universal negro improvement association. the nations first nationalist movement for African americans
marcus garvey
first black to perform at metropolitan opera. opera singer who sang at the Lincoln memorial after the daughters of the American revolution refused to allow her to sing in their concert hall
marian anderson
founded the children's defense fund in 1973
marian wright edelman
first African American female to serve as an adviser to a president, franklin roosevelt
mary McLeod bethune
first African American to set foot on the north pole, 1909
matthew a henson
poet
maya angelou
first black mayor of atlanta
maynard jackson
greatest nba player of all time
Michael jordan
African American boxer. youngest boxer to win world heavyweight title
mike tyson
famous jazz musician, played trumpet
miles davis
a gathering in Washington advocating unity, atonement, and brotherhood, 1995
million man march
only man to win heavy weight boxing championship 3 times
mohammed ali
all male college in atlanta
morehouse college
owned by berry gordy jr. first African American music company to achieve crossover success in america
Motown records
oldest civil rights organization in America founded by w.e.b. dubois
NAACP
network of secret routes and safe houses used by black slaves in America to escape to freedom
underground railroad
person with as little as one drop of black blood in their heritage is considered "black"
one drop rule
African American tv hostess. greatest black philanthropist in American history
oprah winfrey
belief that one race is superior to another
racism
first black to receive a nobel peace prize, 1950. worked to mediate conflict in palestine
ralph j. bunche
baseball's all-time leader in stolen bases
rickey henderson
founder of B.E.T first black billionaire
Robert L. johnson
first African American to die in spaceflight. 1986
Ronald mcnair
a violent, racially motivated conflict that took place the first week of January 1923. the town of rosewood, florida disappeared off of the map
rosewood massacre
the first black community to receive reparations payments for the destruction of property and murder of its citizens
rosewood, florida
African American heart surgeon
dr. Charles drew
first African American female in space
dr. mae Jemison
youngest man to have received the nobel peace prize
dr. martin luther king jr.
founder of kwanza
dr. maulana karenga
u.s. supreme court decision that stated that slaves were not protected by the constitution
Dred scott decision
first African American to own a u.s. coin, a jazz muscian
duke ellington
spiritual mentor to Malcom X. founder of the nation of islam
Elijah muhammad
to set free from slavery
emancipate
desegregation tactics by civil rights activists known as freedom riders who rode on the interstate buses into the segregated southern US to test the ruling of Boynton v Virginia, which declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations
freedom rider
developed over 300 products from the peanut
George Washington carver
4 men who participated in peaceful protests at Woolworth department store lunch counters in Greensboro, nc
Greensboro 4
first African American in space
guion bluford
first African American to win a pulitizer prize
Gwendolyn brooks
the world's oldest black republic
haiti
African American abolitionist and conductor of the underground railroad
harriet tubman
first African American to win an academy award for "best supporting actress"
hattie mcdaniel
historically black colleges and universities
HBCU's
first African American graduate of west point military academy, he was from georgia
henry o. flipper
anti-lynching crusader. published "the red record" a pamphlet against lynching
ida be wells barnett
the act of uniting or bringing together, especially people of different races
integration
laws that separated whites and blacks in almost all aspects of life
jim crow laws
most influential woman in the world
oprah winfrey
freed the slaves
13th amendment
first African arrived at Jamestown. they were considered indentured servants
1619
one who opposes the practice of slavery
abolitionist
founded in 1908 at howard university. colors: pink and green
alpha kappa alpha sorority AKA
American author who wrote roots and autobiography of miss jane pittman
alex haley
the Jackie robinson of tennis, broke the color barrier of the game
althea gibson
first African American male to win single title at wimbledon
Arthur ashe
first African American president of the Harvard law review
barack obama
44th president of the united states
barack obama
famous black jazz singer autobiography, "lady sings the blues"
billie holiday
first president of Tuskegee institute
booker t. washington
a groups refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies, to refuse to buy goods and services
boycott
first athlete since 1936 to win 4 gold medals in one Olympic game
carl lewis
first female African American senator
carol mosley braum
founded negro history week which became black history month
carter g. woodson
famous black actress who appeared in roots and the autobiography of miss jane pittman
cicely tyson
first African American secretary of state
colin l. powell
first African American female to serve as secretary of state
Condoleezza rice
first doctor ever to operate on a human heart
Daniel hale williams
counseled first lady Eleanor Roosevelt and advised president Eisenhower to desegregate schools
Dorothy I. height
first black woman elected to congress. first woman to run for U.S. president
Shirley chisholm
first African American to win a best actor Oscar for lilies of the field, 1963
Sidney poitier
a non-violent protests in which a person sits and refuses to leave
sit-in
first black woman with a bust (statue) in U.S. capitol
sojourner truth
Atlanta, Georgia HBCU for females
spelman college
annual award given by NAACP for outstanding achievement by an African american
the Spingarn medal
first African American female doctor in new York. third in the nation
susan mckinney
first African American justice of the u.s supreme court
Thurgood marshall
the youngest and first African American to win the masters golf tournament
tiger woods
first African American to win the nobel prize for literature
toni morrison
all black airborne unit of the u.s. army during world war II
triple nickle
first all black military pilots in the u.s.
Tuskegee airmen
first African American to win miss America, 1983
vanessa williams
first African American to earn a ph.d. from Harvard university
W.E.B. dubois
a black entrepreneur, founder of "famous amos" chocolate chip cookies
Wallace "wally" amos
first African American female to win three gold medals in a single Olympic game
Wilma rudolph
only nba player to score 100 points in a single gamers
wilt chamberlain