passing reference or indirect mention
repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses, repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses
the reversal of the normal order of words
the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance
address to an absent or imaginary person
lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses or words
strained or paradoxical use of words either in error (as 'blatant' to mean 'flagrant') or deliberately (as in a mixed metaphor: 'blind mouths')
inversion in the second of two parallel phrases
a series of things depending on each other as if linked together
an ambiguity with one interpretation that is indelicate (sexual/dirty)
the act of counting, a list
repetition of the ends of two or more successive sentences, verses, etc.
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
raising a question then proceeding to answer it
reversal of normal order of two words or sentences etc. (as in 'bred and born')
the act of positioning close together for comparison (or side by side)
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
a misuse of words, especially through confusion caused by resemblance in sound., the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
(logic) a self-contradiction
an expression in parentheses
The deliberate use of many conjunctions for special emphasis - to highlight quantity or mass of detail, or to create a flowing, continuous sentence pattern, using several conjunctions in close succession, especially where some might be omitted (as in 'he ran and jumped and laughed for joy')
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning and another at the end of successive clauses, i.e., simultaneous use of anaphora and epistrophe
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
useless repetition (i.e. adequate enough)
separation of the parts of a compound word
use of a word to govern two or more words though appropriate to only one
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