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The Cultural Landscape Chapter 9: Key issues 1&2
Terms in this set (13)
Deliberate modification of Earth's surface through cultivation of plants and rearing of animals to obtain sustenance or economic gain.
Any plant cultivated by people
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering.
Environmental factors: The last ice age had just ended, resulting in massive redistribution of humans, plants, and animals. Cultural factors: In search of a permanent home, nomadic-hunter gatherers may have attempted to build settlements and while gathering local plants they discovered that discarded food became new plants and began repeating the process and eventually cultivated them.
Why do scientists suppose the agricultural revolution occurred?
In southwest Asia, barley, wheat, lentil, and olive were domesticated along with cattle, goats, pigs, and sheep. In east Asia, rice was domesticated. In central and south Asia, chickens and horses where domesticated. In Sub-Saharan Africa, sorghum, yams, millet and rice were domesticated and in Latin America beans, cotton, potato, and maize (corn) were domesticated.
What are some agricultural hearths?
The production of food primarily for consumption by the farmer's family. Found in developing countries.
The production of food primarily for sale off the farm. Found in developed countries.
It helps commercial agriculture have a higher yield and makes harvesting easier.
How does machinery, science, and technology play a role in agriculture?
It varies by level of development, physical conditions, and cultural preferences.
How does consumption of food vary worldwide?
Dietary energy consumption
The amount of food that an individual consumes.
A grass yielding grain for food.
Seed of a cereal grass
Physical, social, and economic access at all times to safe and nutritious food sufficient to meet dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
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