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By _____ the years of Trench warfare had exhausted the Allied armies.
To ensure that needed ________ reached Great Britain, The U. S. Navy helped the British destroy and protect against German submarines.
The Allies used _________, in which teams of navy ships sailed side-by-side with merchant ships across the Atlantic Ocean.
The arrival of _________ troops also helped offset the loss of Russia from the _______ cause.
In March 1917, _________ ___ had given up his throne as czar, or ruler, in Russia's first revolution.
In November 1917, riots broke out over the new Russian government's handling of the war and the scarcity of ____ and _____.
food and fuel
A group called the _________ overthrew this government led by Vadimir ______.
In March 1918, Lenin signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with _________.
Russia's withdrawal allowed the Germans to move thousands of troops from the Eastern Front to the _________ Front. The line separating the warring armies near the French-German border.
In May 1917, General John J. __________ became the supreme commander of what was called the American __________ Force (AEF), the American army in Europe.
The French and British wanted to use the American soldiers to build up their own troops. However General Pershing refused. He preferred to keep the AEF a ___________ fighting force.
American soldiers were nicknamed "doughboys" because the _________ on their uniforms resembled boiled dumplings, a popular food. And their helmets looked like something mom would make bread out of.
They saw their first serious fighting in ________ 1918, when the AEF helped turn back German forces at Chateau-_________ on the Marne river east of Paris.
The American troops then advanced to _______ Wood. For the next three weeks doughboys battled around the clock through the forest against a solid wall of machine-gun fire.
In mid-September, a half-million American soldiers defeated the Germans at ________-Mihiel.
Later that month, more than 1 million American troops joined the Allies in the Battle of the ________ Forest. It became the biggest attack in American history.
The Battle of the Argonne Forest raged for nearly _______ weeks.
Many soldiers died. Yet, by early November the _______ had won the battle.
The Germans now faced an __________ of their own country.
Eddie _______________ was a captain in the 94th Aero Squadron. He fought 134 air battles and shot down 26 enemy aircraft.
During the fighting at Argonne Forest, Corporal Alvin _____ killed several German soldiers and took _______ prisoners.
While Germany struggled on the Western Front, its allies faced defeat elsewhere. By early November, the governments of ________-Hungary and the __________ __________ had surrendered to the Allied Powers.
austri, ottoman empire
On October 4, 1918, the German government asked President Wilson for an __________, an agreement to end the fighting.
Wilson consented, but only under certain _________.
Germany had to _________ his plan for peace and promise not to renew _________.
All German troops had to leave ________ and ________.
Finally, Wilson said he would only deal with ___________ government leaders.
On November 9, Germany became a _________. The leaders of Germany's new government ________ to President Wilson's terms for an armistice.
The Armistice began on ___________ 11, 1918 - at the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month.
What had been called the ________ ______ - the most destructive conflict in human history to that time - was over at last.
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