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World History 2
Specifically for midterms!!
Terms in this set (50)
The Scientific Revolution was a result of which period in history?
the high middle ages
Which individual transformed the world's understanding of science and had the greatest impact on the Scientific Revolution?
Which crops grew on plantations? [Choose all that apply.]
tobacco, sugar, coffee
As the Age of Discovery ended, which economic system began to replace mercantilism in many parts of Europe?
Kepler discovered that the earth and planets orbit the sun in a(n) ________ path, which became one of the three laws of planetary motion.
Which doctor is known as the Father of Modern Medicine, built on the ideas of Vesalius, and made several important discoveries about how the human heart works?
How would a joint-stock company, like the English East India Company, use capital (or wealth) it received from selling shares? [Check all that apply.]
capital would be used to hire a crew for a voyage to the far east, capital would be used to purchase supplies, capital would be used to purchase ships
In 1660, the king of England established the Royal _________ Company with the goal of shipping more slaves to the Americas.
Influenced by the Word of God and the rediscovery of the works of Aristotle, Scholastics like Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, and a host of others fundamentally transformed the intellectual and cultural atmosphere of Europe. Their work laid the foundation for which important time period? [Choose all that apply.]
the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, the Age of Discovery
Which scientist is known as the Father of Modern Chemistry and discovered that pressure increases or decreases based on the amount of gas present?
Which doctor doubted some of the work of Galen and was able to dispel many ancient and medieval myths about the human body?
Adam Smith's ideas laid the foundation for which economic system?
Which percentage of African slaves did not survive the Middle Passage?
This scientist concluded that the geocentric theory did not accurately explain the orbits of the planets. He developed a new theory, called the heliocentric theory, which stated that the earth and planets orbit the sun.
By the 13th century, medieval learning began to change. The event that transformed medieval thinking in Western Europe and led to the High Middle Ages was the rediscovery of the works of ___________, who believed that the material world was not inferior. These ideas influenced Western Europe and led to growth in learning about the physical world, subsequently establishing the foundation for the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution.
Which of the following describes the positive connection between Christianity and scientific learning? [Choose all that apply.]
Christian teachings reject the idea that God is an impersonal force and His Creation is mostly unknowable,
The laws of nature exhibit order, pattern, and regularity since they are established by an orderly God. In addition, the physical universe is knowable because God created us to know Him and the rest of Creation,
Christianity depicts God as a rational, responsive, dependable, and omnipotent being, whose Creation is orderly and structured.
The main principle of mercantilism is that a nation's strength depends upon its ________.
Though the ancient Greeks made many contributions to Western Civilization, their ideas about the material world were flawed. In contrast to the Greeks, the Bible presents the material world as originally good. Since it was created by God, it reflects His good character. The Bible does not identify evil with matter or with any other part of Creation, but with ___________, which twists and distorts God's originally good Creation.
Which economic system states that a country should establish overseas colonies and that these colonies exist to benefit the home country?
During the Age of Discovery, most slaves were forcibly taken from which part of Africa?
During the 13th century, which important theologian and scholar used the new popularity of Aristotle to argue that Creation is good and worth understanding because it is the handiwork of a good Creator?
What would happen if a ship owned by a joint-stock company, like the Dutch East India Company, was attacked and sunk by pirates?
The shareholders would divide responsibility for the loss of the ship proportionately to how much each person invested.
What is a tariff?
a tax on imported goods from other countries, which encourages the local population to buy products made at home since they are cheaper
Which was Adam Smith's opinion of mercantilism?
It was oppressive and unfair.
Though the Church played a vital role in the preservation and expansion of learning during the Middle Ages, it possessed one weakness. The Church of the Early Middle Ages was heavily influenced by the ideas of _________, an ancient Greek philosopher.
How did the Atlantic slave trade begin? [Choose all that apply.]
The Native American population was dying from European diseases,
Europeans turned to African slaves to solve their labor shortages in the New World,
Europeans needed workers for their large plantations in the Americas.
When a scientist tests a hypothesis by conducting a series of experiments, which step is this in the scientific method?
Which of the following statements best describes Adam Smith's idea of laissez-faire?
Government should not interfere with the economy, which will allow hard-working individuals to prosper.
Identify the two individuals who played a critical role in the development of the scientific method.
Sir Francis Bacon, René Descartes
What is a joint-stock company?
a company that sells stocks to individuals to raise capital
What was Louis XIV's nickname?
The Sun King
Louis XIV of France did what with the Edict of Nantes?
Which law provided religious toleration to French Huguenots under Henry IV?
Edict of Nantes
Which underpinned the philosophy of Frederick the Great? [Choose all that apply.]
the Enlightenment, the ideas of Kant
What happened to Charles I when he was defeated? [Choose all that apply.]
he was found guilty of treason, he was beheaded
Which of the following were dominant Italian states? [Choose all that apply.]
Venice, Piedmont, Florence
Which statements were true of the Estates-General in the national governing of France? [Choose all that apply.]
It was called in times of emergency, The king called the Estates-General to order, It was rarely used.
Which Russian ruler traveled to Europe in an effort to find ways to modernize Russia?
Peter the Great
Which were the emerging German states during the decline of the Holy Roman Empire? [Choose all that apply.]
Who revoked the Edict of Nantes?
The Tudors were _____________.
an English royal family
What led to the start of the English Civil War? [Choose all that apply.]
Charles I attempting to arrest members of Parliament, Parliament protesting the reign of Charles I
After the death of Elizabeth I, who became ruler of England?
Who laid the foundation for absolutism in France?
Which area provided Prussia's industrial power?
Which best defines the Age of Absolutism? [Choose all that apply.]
Kings ruled without a system of checks and balances, Kings believed their rule was not subject to the people, Kings believed they answered only to God.
What was the result of the War of Spanish Succession? [Choose all that apply.]
Austria emerged as a strong European power, France was greatly weakened.
What did the True Law of Free Monarchies argue? [Choose all that apply.]
that kings should be revered as gods, that the king should be free of Parliament, Church, and law, that power should be consolidated in one monarch
Which of the following describes Catherine the Great of Russia? [Choose all that apply.]
Catherine likely conspired with the Russian nobility to have her husband murdered so that she could become empress, Catherine saw herself as an absolute monarch who wielded complete control over her subjects, Catherine saw herself as an enlightened ruler who supported education and the arts.
What were some differences between the Holy Roman Empire and the Italian city-states? [Choose all that apply.]
The Holy Roman Empire was less regionally powerful within its borders, Italy featured more powerful cities.
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