Human geo vocab chapter 8
Terms in this set (38)
balance of power
Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries.
A conference regulating European colonization and trade in Africa, held in Berlin, Germany in 1884. It resulted in the "Scramble for Africa," and the subjugation of African nations.
Invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory.
A town or city that is the official seat of government in a political entity, such
as a state or nation.
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Divisions that separate citizens.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its
political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely
State in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not
In a nation-state, the area constituted by the national heartland—the
largest population cluster, productive region, the area with the greatest centrality and
accessibility, probably containing the capital city as well.
The process where a nation's government becomes democratic.
The process by which regions within a state demand and gain political
strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government.
A state with a long, narrow shape.
exclusive economic zone (EEZ)
a sea zone over which a state has special rights over
the exploration and use of marine resources stretching 200 nautical miles from the
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of
A zone separating two states in which neither exercises political control
process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
The open waters of an ocean or a sea beyond the limits of the territorial
jurisdiction of a country.
Control of a territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous
A movement to reunite a nation's homeland when part of it is contained
within another state. The piece of homeland that is ruled by the other state is known as
A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
A state containing two or more ethnic groups with traditions of
self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct
A group of people with a shared cultural identity or a set of cultural
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
A state that completely surrounds another one.
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal
affairs by other states.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government
with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
Nation that does not have a state
A venture involving three or more nation-states involving
political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives. The
European Union is one such organization.
The area of sea around a country's coast recognized as being under
that country's jurisdiction, set at 12 nautical miles in 1982.
A country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment
toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and strongly
the calculated use or threatening of violence against civilians in order to
attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands
of central government officials.
United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
A code of maritime law
approved by the United Nations in 1982 that authorized territorial waters to extend 12
nautical miles from shore and a country's EEZ to extend 200 nautical miles.
The world's preeminent supranational organization, a world governing
body enforcing the upkeep of peace and basic human rights worldwide.
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