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18 terms

flashcards unit 2

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Ameliorate
(v)to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
Syn: amend, better
Ant: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate
Aplomb
(n)poise,assurance,great self-confidence;perpendicularity
Syn: composure, self-possession, level headedness
Ant:confusion, embarrassment, abashment
Bombastic
(adj)pompous of over blown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
Syn:inflated, highfalutin, high-flown, pretentious
Ant:unadorned, simple, plain, austere
Callow
(adj)without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
Syn: green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced
Ant: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated
Epitome
(n)a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
Syn: abstract, digest, model, archetype
Exhort
(v)to urge strongly, advise earnestly
Syn:entreat, implore, adjure
Ant: discourage, advise against, deprecate
Drivel
n)saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish,aimless talk or thinking;nonsense (v) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waiste or fritter away foolishly
Syn: (n)balderdash,hogwash,tommyrot (v)slaver
Infringe
(v)to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
Syn: enroach, impinge, intrude, poach
Ant: stay in bounds
Ingratiate
(v)to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others
Syn: cozy up to, curry favor with
Ant: alienate, humiliate oneself, mortify oneself
Interloper
(n)one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
Syn: trespasser, meddler, buttinsky
Intrinsic
(adj)belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
Syn: immanent, organic
Ant: extrinsic, external, outward
Inveigh
(v)to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
Syn: rail, harangue, fulminate, remonstrate
Ant: acclaim, glorify, extol
Lassitude
(n)weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
Syn: fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor
Ant: energy, vitality, animation, liveliness
Occult
(adj)mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means (v)to hide, conceal; eclipse (n) matters involving the supernatural
Syn: supernatural, esoteric, abstruse, arcane
Ant: mundane, common, public, exoteric
Precipitate
(v)to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height;to give distinct form to; (adj)characterized by excessive haste; (n) moisture; the product of an action or process
Syn:(v)to provoke; produce (adj)reckless;impetuous
Ant:(adj)wary,cautious,circumspect
Permeate
(v) to spread through, penetrate, soak through
Stringent
(adj) strict, severe, rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
Syn:stern, rigorous, tough, urgent, imperative
Ant: lenient, mild, lax, permissive
Surmise
v)to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess (n) likely idea that lacks definite proof.
Syn:v)infer, gather (n)inerence,presumption