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Civics and Economics

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Mercantilism
Theory that a countries power depended on its wealth
Salutary Neglect
Friendly neglect; Britain makes laws for America but doesn't enforce them/leaves them alone
Boycott
To refuse to buy/sell/trade with another
constitution
written plan of government
Southern Colonies
Plantations for farming, slave labor, "cash crops" rice, tobacco, indigo, cotton
Middle Colonies
"Bread Basket" colonies, wheat and grain crops
New England
Small, independant farms (just self-sufficient)
Middle Colonies
fur trade, iron works, NY and PA are fastest growing colonies
New England
Whale oil, fish, lumber, shipbuilding (became master shipbuilders), furniture, created denser port cities
Southern Colonies
Naval stores, turpentine/resin for shipbuilding (became known as the tarheels), cotton (textiles), no big cities because of rivers
John Locke
Influenced the Declaration of Ind. with his enlightenment writing
Baron de Montesqiueu
Wrote about the seperation of powers in government
Rosseau
Wrote the "Social Contract" and spoke of the relationship between government and the people
Magna Carta
written document between King John and Nobles that gave them equal treatment under the law, and HABEUS CORPUS- "without the body"
Glorious Revolution
Parliament appointed William and Mary to take the throne without any bloodshed or fighting
Pilgrims/Mayflower Compact
an agreement among the group of people on the ship sailing to the new world the established a DIRECT DEMOCRACY seen in New England today
French and Indian War
The war that made America
Declatory Act
Asserts Britain and British parliament to have exclusive rights to legislate and tax colonies as they pleased
Results of 1st Continental Congress
event that lead to deciding to boycott british goods and ended in deciding to see what happened (waiting for future events)
Results of 2nd Continental Congress
passed the declaration of independance, declaring the colonies free from britain
common law
law based on court decisions rather than legislations written by lawmakers
Precedence
ruling on a similar case that was similar
Coercive Acts
Intolerable Acts
Inalienable Rights
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Common Sense
Thomas Paine was the author and it convinced a lot of people that independance from Britain was necessary
Lexintgon and Concord, Yorktown
First and last battles of the revolutionary war
Daniel Shays
Led a rebellion that led to the ending of the Articles of Confederation and the development of the US constitution
no executive of judicial branches, only created a unicameral legislature, 2/3 of the majority of states was necessary to pass laws, amendments needed a unanimous yes vote, no national identity or pride
failures of the Art. of Conf.
set plan for the expansion of the nation, created the Northwest Ordinance, gave congress the power to limit slavery in hew territories (new ordinance)
Successes of the Art. of Confederation
Northwest Ordinance 1787
created the method of approving new states as equal to the old states, admittied new states and territories into the US is under congress's jurisdiction
Rhode island, believed the government would have too much power under the constitution
which state didn't go to the constitutional convention and why
they are all bi-cameral (have two houses)
how are the English Parliament, US Congress, and the NC General Assembly similar?
The Preamble, followed by seven articles, then 27 amendments
layout of the constitution
Article 1-Legislative Branch, Article 2- Executive Branch, Article 3- Judicial Branch
What are the first three articles of the constitution?
Article Four
full faith and credit
Article 6
The supremecy clause
article 7
describes process for ratification of the constitution
Attended the Constitutional Convention
Ben Franklin, George Washington (president of Convention), James Madison, missing T. Jefferson (in France as ambassador)
oldest delagate at convention
ben franklin
executive branch
enforces law
expressed powers
powers of federal government
reserved powers
rights reserved to the states
concurrent powers
powers both the state and the national government have
number of senators plus number of representatives
electoral college number
2/3 of congress and 3/4 of the states
formula for approving amendments of the constitution
NJ plan
one house senate with equal representation per state
VA plan
bicameral legislature, one based on population, other chosen by members of the house
CT plan/great comprimise
proposed by roger sherman and oliver ellsworth and was adopted, bicameral house of reps based on state population and a senate with equal representation
3/5th comprimise
every slave counted as 3/5th of a person
federal system
powers split between state and nat'l gov't
veto power
the power to stop a law from coming into effect
ratify
accept
federalists
approved of the constitution and a federal system
anti-federalists
dissaproved of federalism and the constitution
amend
change
halifax resolves
NC became the first colonial gov't to call for total independance from great britain with this event
Mecklenburg Resolves
decided that all offices appointed by the british gov't were vacant and that the provincial congress was the only lawful government in the colony
april 12, 1776
nc declares independance from britain
declaration of rights
found in article one of the NC constitution
how many counties are there in nc
100 counties
where is the right to an education found
section 15
in 1996 an amendment
allows governer to veto legislation
power to tax and spend money- congress, NC General Assembly, etc
power of the purse and who has it