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34 terms

GSU SPCH1000 Ch1

Human Communication
STUDY
PLAY
Intrapersonal
Communication you have with yourself.
Interpersonal
Communication between two persons or among a small group of persons.
Interviewing
Communication that proceeds by question and answer.
Small Group
Communication among members of groups of about 5 to 10 people.
Organizational
Communication that takes place within an organization among members of the organization.
Public Speaking
Communication between a speaker and an audience. (aka Public Comm or Presentational Speaking)
Computer-Mediated
Communication between people that takes place through some computer connection.
Mass Communication
Communication from one source to many receivers, who may be scattered throughout the world.
Purposes of Human Comm
Discover, Relate, Help, Persuade, Play.
Communication
Occurs when one person (or more) sends and receives messages that are distorted by noise, occur within a context, have some effect, and provide some opportunity for feedback.
Contexts
Physical, social-psychological, temporal, and cultural.
Source
Speaker
Receiver
Listener
Encoding
Producing messages
Decoding
Receiving messages
Communication Competence
Your knowledge of the social aspects of communication.
Metamessages
Feedback and feedforward.
Metacommunication
Communication about communication.
Feedback
Messages sent back to the speaker reacting to what is said.
Feedforward
Information you provide before sending your primary message; it reveals something about the message to come.
Altercasting
Type of feedforward that asks the receiver to approach your message in a particular role.
Communication Channel
The medium through which the message passes.
Noise
Anything that interferes with your receiving a message. (Types include Physical, Physiological, Psychological, and Semantic.)
Intellectual Effect
Changes in your thinking.
Affective Effect
Changes in your attitude, values, beliefs, and emotions.
Psychomotor Effect
Changes in overt behaviors such as, for example, learning new bodily movements.
Communication Accommodation Theory
Theory that you adjust or accommodate to the speaking style of your listeners in order to gain benefits.
Content Messages
Refer to the behavioral response expected.
Relationship Messages
Tell how the communication is to be dealt with.
Stimuli
Causes
Responses
Effects
Symmetrical Relationship
Two individuals mirror each other's behavior.
Complementary Relationship
Two individuals engage in different behaviors.
Communication is... 3
Inevitable, Irreversible, and Unrepeatable.