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nurs in making review med surg: urinary/renal
Terms in this set (27)
What is dysuria?
what is nocturia?
excessive urination at night
what is hematuria?
blood in the urine
What is enuresis?
involuntary urination during sleep
what is oliguria?
less than 400 ml of urine in 24 hrs
what is anuria?
Less than 50 mL of urine in 24 hours
What is micturition?
adults should void ________ per day, and no less than ______ per hour
1-2 L per day, and no less than 30 mL per hour
what can happen as a result of untreated strep?
acute glomerulonephritis (post streptococcal)
- can happen 14 days after strep infection from antibodies getting lodged in the glomeruli
a patient has tea colored urine, urine in the blood and has had a strep infection a couple weeks ago. what do you suspect
What is azotemia?
increase in nitrogenous waste products in blood
a weight gain of 1 kg is equal to _________ of retained fluid
what is prerenal failure caused by?
damage before the kidneys causing DECREASED PERFUSION TO THE KIDNEYS
what is intrarenal failure caused by?
PROLONGED ISCHEMIA, damage IN the kidneys
what is post renal failure caused by?
damage after the kidneys, a OBSTRUCTION/BLOCKAGE IN THE URINARY TRACT
as CKD worsens, a patient's GFR _________
what are the stages of chronic kidney disease and their GFR rates?
STAGE 1: >90
STAGE 2: 60-89
STAGE 3: 59-30
STAGE 4: 15-29
STAGE 5: <15
why can CKD cause heartfailure?
becasue there is reduced urinary output, there mis fluid volume excess, and there is hypertension
to evaluate the patency of a patients hemodialysis vascular access, you want to:
feel the ________
Hear the ________
feel a thrill, hear the bruit
what is the biggest potential complication of peritoneal dialysis? what are S&S of this?
- cloudy or blood drainage
- abdominal pain
what is urethritis?
infection of the urethra
what is cystitis?
infection of the bladder
what is ureteritis?
infection of the ureters
What is pyelonephritis?
infection of the kidney
ureteritis and pyelonephritis are ________ UTIs
Urethritis and cystitis are _______ UTIs
what are some symptoms that elderly patients might show when they have a UTI?
- new incontinence
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