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World War I
Terms in this set (23)
28th president of the United Stated. He led the United States during World War I.
John J. Pershing
Army general who led American forces in Europe during World War I.
Pilot for the United Stated Army who shot down several Germen planes during World War I.
Alvin C. York
War hero from World War I, known for his bravery and expert shooting.
World War I
War fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Central and Allied Powers. The United States joined the Allied Powers in 1917, helping them to victory.
Love of country and the desire to have one's country free from the control of another.
agreement among nations to defend one another.
policy in which a nation prefers to remain neutral and let other countries handle their own affairs.
the belief that the stronger and bigger a country's army is than the stronger the country is.
when a country takes over other lands (countries) to increase its size and power.
League of Nations
International organization formed after World War I to prevent wars.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty signed in 1919 that officially ended World War I.
Which countries made up the Allied Powers?
The Allied Powers were made of Great Britain, France, Russia, Serbia, Belgium, and eventually the United States.
Which countries made up the Central Powers?
The Central Powers were made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey (Ottoman Empire), and Bulgaria.
How did nationalism help bring about the war in 1914?
Serbia wanted to gain control of land its people believed should have been part of its territory, and this led to the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand.
What caused Germany to invade Belgium?
Belgium refused to let Germany march through its territory to attack France.
What sequence of events led the United States into World War I?
The Lusitania was sunk in 1915. IN January 1917, it was discovered that Germany had been seeking support from Mexico in return for helping Mexico regain land it had lost to the United Stated. In February 1917, Germans again began submarine warfare on American shipping.
Why did the United States enter World War I?
German forces killed American civilians by sinking ships, and Germany sought Mexican support in exchange for lands lost to the US.
How did new technologies affect the fighting in World War I?
Airplanes were used to drop bombs or fire at enemy troops. Poison gas was used to kill or injure the enemy. Tanks were used in battle. Submarines could destroy enemy ships.
How did women contribute to the war effort?
They took over important jobs left vacant by men who went to war.
What caused the government to set up the Food Administration?
The need for food supplies to be conserved and used wisely so that soldiers and Allied civilians would have enough to eat.
Why was World War I known as "The War to End all Wars?
Because people hoped that such a terrible conflict would never happen again.
Why did President Wilson want a League of Nations?
He wanted to prevent future wars.
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