SNLA9 Academic vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

acronym
A word formed from the first letter of each word in a series. Example: NASA stands for National Aeronautic Space Association
alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
antagonist
A character or force in conflict with the main character. Typically, the 'bad guy'.
aside
A part of an actor's lines supposedly not heard by others on the stage and intended only for the audience.
assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity.
Example: My shOE is blUE; yours is tOO.
ballad
A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain.
citation
A reference to a published or unpublished source.
connotation
A word's implied or suggested meaning based on context clues.
couplet
A pair of lines that end in rhyme.
credible
believable, apparently reasonable; information based on research and/or first hand knowledge.
denotation
Literal meaning of a word; dictionary definition.
drama
Character's words or acts carry a larger meaning that the character does not understand. The audience understands what the character does not., Involves a situation in a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that the character does not know. The character acts in a way we recognize to be grossly inappropriate to the actual circumstances, or the character expects the opposite of what the reader knows fate holds in store, or the character anticipates a particular outcome that unfolds itself in an unintentional way
epic
A long narrative poem composed in an elevated style recounting the trials and adventures of a hero and his fateful exchanges with the gods or God.
fable
A brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters
genre
A category or type of literature (or of art, music, etc.) characterized by a particular form, style, or content.
haiku
A japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, usually written about nature.
hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
iambic pentameter
A poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable. Shakespeare commonly used this form in his writing.
idiom
A set expression of two or more words that means something other than the literal meanings of its individual words
imagery
Language that appeals to one or more of the five senses: sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell. For example, this image—"the fish's slippery, shiny scales"—appeals to the senses of sight and touch. The words help us to picture the fish and to imagine how it would feel if we touched it.
inference
A logical conclusion one can draw from the presented details
irony
A contrast or discrepancy between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen.
literary analysis
The examination of a piece of literature as a means of understanding its subject or structure; an effective analysis often clarifies a work by focusing on a single element such as tone, irony, symbolism, imagery, or rhythm in a way that enhances the reader's understanding of the whole
lyric
A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet.
metaphor
A figure of speech in which a comparison is implied but not stated, such as "This winter is a bear." Does not use 'like or 'as'.
meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
motivation
A character's incentive or reason for behaving in a certain manner; that which impels a character to act
myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
narrative poem
A poem that is also a story, having at least one character, setting, and plot.
onomatopoeia
A literary device in which the sound of a word is related to its meaning.
oral tradition
Literature that passes by word of mouth from one generation to the next.
oxymoron
A figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
parody
A humorous imitation of a piece of literature or music
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
preposition
A word or phrase that shows the relationship of a noun to another noun (at, by, in, to, from, with )
primary source
An original record of an event containing the observations, ideas, and conclusions of an individual. It is a firsthand account presented by someone present or actively participating in the event. Examples include manuscripts, photographs, oral histories, and personal journals.
protagonist
Main character in a story; the 'good guy'.
quatrain
A four-line poem or a four-line unit of a longer poem.
resolution
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
secondary resource
sources that were written about an event after it occurred; a record written to explain or interpret a primary resource
simile
A comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
soliloquy
A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage; an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, esp. by a character in a play.
sonnet
: a lyric poem of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to certain definite patterns. It usually expresses a single, complete idea or thought with a reversal, twist, or change of direction in the concluding lines.
theme
A unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work, central idea in the story
tragedy
A play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending, especially one concerning the downfall of the main character.