45 terms

Ch. 56 oral and maxillofacial surgery

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Terms in this set (...)

Alveolitis
Pain and inflammation resulting from exposed bone associated with the disturbance of a blood clot after extraction of a tooth.
Alveoplasty
The surgical shaping and smoothing of the margins of the tooth socket after extraction of a tooth, generally in preparation for placement of a prosthesis.
Bone file
Surgical instrument used to smooth rough edges of bone structure.
Chisel
Surgical instrument used to cutting or severing a tooth and bone structure.
Curette
Surgical instrument used to remove tissue from a tooth socket.
Donning
Act of placing on an item, such as gloves; dressing.
Elevator
Surgical instrument used to reflect and retract the periodontal ligament and periosteum.
Excisional biopsy
Surgical procedure in which tissue is cut from a suspected oral lesion.
Exfoliative biopsy
Diagnostic procedure in which cells are scraped from a suspected oral lesion for analysis.
Forceps
Surgical instrument used to grasp and hold onto teeth for their removal.
Hard tissue impaction
Oral condition in which a tooth is partially to fully covered by bone and gingival tissue.
Hemostat
Surgical instrument used to hold or grasp items.
Impacted tooth
Tooth that has not erupted.
Incisional biopsy
Section of suspect oral lesion that is removed for evaluation.
Luxate
To dislocate, as a tooth from its socket.
Mallet
Hammer-like instrument used with a chisel to section teeth or bone.
Needle holder
Surgical instrument used to hold the suture needle.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeon
Dentist who has specialized in surgeries of the head and neck region.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Dental surgical specialty that diagnoses and treats conditions of the mouth, face, jaws, and associated areas.
Outpatient
Patient seen and treated by a physician, then sent home for recovery.
Retractor
Surgical instrument used to hold soft tissue away from the surgical site.
Rongeur
Surgical instrument used to cut and thin the alveolar bone.
Root tip picks
Surgical instrument used for the removal of root tips or fragments from the surgical site.
Scalpel
Surgical knife
Soft tissue impaction
Oral condition in which a tooth is partially to fully covered by gingival tissue.
Can a general dentist perform an extraction?
A single extraction
How can surgical assistants further their profession?
Obtain continuing education in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
In which two settings could a patient receive oral surgery?
Dental office and outpatient clinic.
Are outpatient oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures considered major and minor surgeries?
Minor surgeries
What does the periosteal elevator reflect and retract?
Periosteum
What surgical instrument resembles a spoon excavator?
Surgical curette
What surgical instrument is used to trim and shape bone?
Rongeur
What is the difference between a hemostat and a needle holder?
A hemostat has groves in its beak that are used for grasping and holding. Needle holder allows the surgeon to grasp a suture needle firmly.
When the chisel is used, what additional surgical instrument must be used?
A mallet
What equipment is used when a surgical scrub is performed?
Orange stick
Antimicrobial soap
Scrub brush
What does the term donning mean?
Putting on
What procedure is commonly completed after multiple teeth have been removed from the same quadrant or arch?
Alveoplasty
Sutures
Which type of impaction is it when a tooth is located directly under the gingival tissue?
Soft tissue impacted
Which type of biopsy is completed when a surface lesion is scraped to attain cells?
Oral brush biopsy
What does the term suture mean?
Stitching
What are the three types of nonabsorbable suture material?
Silk, polyester fiber, nylon
What is the approximate time frame for removing nonabsorbable sutures?
5 to 7 days after surgery
How long should a pressure pack remain on a surgical site to control bleeding?
30 minutes
What analgesic may be prescribed by the surgeon for swelling?
Ibuprofen
Would you instruct a patient to use a hot compress or a cold compress for swelling?
Cold compress