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religion 2015 midterm
Terms in this set (28)
the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Nontheism can be expressed in a variety of ways. Strong or positive atheism is the positive belief that a god does not exist. Someone who does not think about the existence of a deity may be termed a weak or negative atheist, or more specifically implicitly atheist.
destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, especially caused by fire or nuclear war.
the major Jewish spring festival that commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery, lasting seven or eight days from the 15th day of Nisan
(in Hinduism and Buddhism) the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
Rosh Hashanah is the autumnal festival celebrating the start of the Jewish New Year. Rosh Hashanah occurs on the first and second days of Tishri. In Hebrew, the phrase Rosh Hashanah literally means "head of the year" and thus the holiday is commonly known as the Jewish New Year.
a day of religious observance and abstinence from work, kept by Jews from Friday evening to Saturday evening, and by most Christians on Sunday
a religion of which terrorist fallow, the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah
# of laws in the Torah
a list of 613 mitzvot according to their appearance in the Torah
city where islams must fallow, in Saudi Arabia
The Kaaba or Ka'aba, is a cuboid building at the centre of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the most sacred point within this most sacred mosque, making it the most sacred location in Islam
# of prays a jews does in a day
the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.
he Supreme Being represented as a deity of goodness and light in Zoroastrianism.
a form of the Hebrew name of God used in the Bible. The name came to be regarded by Jews ( circa 300 BC) as too sacred to be spoken, and the vowel sounds are uncertain.
(originally in Hinduism and Buddhism) a word or sound repeated to aid concentration in meditation.
the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.
the Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic. The Koran consists of 114 units of varying lengths, known as suras ; the first sura is said as part of the ritual prayer. These touch upon all aspects of human existence, including matters of doctrine, social organization, and legislation.
The four noble truths
The first of the Buddha's sermons after his enlightenment was describing The Four Noble Truths; that life brings suffering, that suffering is part of living, that suffering can be ended and that there is a path that leads to the end of suffering. These ideas sum up the key teachings of Buddhism.
Allah definition. The name for God, the Supreme Being, in the Arabic language; the common name for God in Islam.
characterized by or suggesting the practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons.
(in Buddhism) a transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth. It represents the final goal of Buddhism.
The Five Pillars of Islam (arkān al-Islām أركان الإسلام; also arkān al-dīn أركان الدين "pillars of the religion") are five basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation of Muslim life. They are summarized in the famous hadith of Gabriel.
the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad. The caliph ruled in Baghdad until 1258 and then in Egypt until the Ottoman conquest of 1517; the title was then held by the Ottoman sultans until it was abolished in 1924 by Atatürk.
the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
the ninth month of the Muslim year, during which strict fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset.
(in South Asia) a person regarded with reverence or loving respect; a holy person or sage.
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