Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
The Cultural Landscape Chapter 9: Key issues 3&4
Terms in this set (37)
Intensive subsistence, wet-rice dominant; Intensive subsistence, crops other than rice dominant; Pastoral nomadism; Shifting cultivation; Plantation; Mixed crop and livestock; Dairying; Grain; Ranching; Mediterranean; and Commercial gardening.
What are the 11 main agricultural regions?
A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals in dry climates where planting crops is impossible.
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.
A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country.
Slash and burn agriculture
Another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
A patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning.
Intensive subsistence agriculture
A form of subsistence agriculture characteristics of Asia's major population concentrations in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
Harvesting twice a year from the same field.
rice planted on dry land in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth
A flooded field for growing rice in Indonesia
The Malay word for wet rice, increasingly used to describe a flooded field.
The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
The capture of wild fish and other seafood living in the waters
Aquaculture (or aquafarming)
The cultivation of seafood under controlled conditions
The Pacific Northwest and Asia's inland waterways.
What major fishing regions have the highest yield?
It has nearly doubled in both developed and developing countries.
How much has fish consumption increased in the past half-century?
capturing fish faster than they can reproduce
The system of commercial farming found in developed countries because farming is integrated into a large food-production industry.
Grain, Mediterranean, commercial gardening and fruit, mixed crop and livestock, dairy, and ranching.
The 6 types of commercial agriculture in developed countries
The growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
Commercial gardening and fruit farming, so named because truck was a Middle English word meaning bartering or the exchange of commodities.
Mixed crop and livestock farming
the integration of crops and livestock
The Von Thünen Model attempts to differentiate between land use patterns based on the different scales of agricultural production.
What is the Von Thünen model attempt to do?
Specializes in the production of milk and other dairy products
The ring surrounding a city from which milk can be supplied without spoiling.
1. Dairy farming is labor-intensive, as cows need to be milked twice a day 2. Dairy farmers face the expense of feeding cows in the winter when they no longer can feed on grass.
What are 2 economic difficulties that dairy farmers face?
commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area
Losing agricultural land, improving the productivity of farmland, conserving scare resources, identifying the appropriate role in agriculture for biotechnology, balancing production of food for international trade rather than for consumption at home, meeting the needs of people who are undernourished, and making greater use of organic farming.
What are some key issues both commercial and subsistence agriculture face?
Prime agricultural land
Most productive land for farming
Human actions that cause land to deteriorate to a desert-like condition, the process of becoming a desert.
1. Forest fallow; fields are cleared and left for more then 20 years for the forest to grow back
2. Bush fallow; fields are cleared, used for up to 8 years and left for up to 10 years, long enough for small trees and bushes to grow back
3. Short fallow; fields are cleared and used for maybe 2 years and left for 2 years for grass to grow back
4. Annual cropping; fields are used every year and rotate between legumes and roots
5. Multi cropping; fields are used several times a year and are never left fallow.
Boserup's 5 basic stages in the reduction of fallow farmland
Invention and rapid diffusion of more productive agricultural techniques during the 1970s and 1980s
Leaves all of the soil undisturbed, and the entire residue of the previous year's harvest is left untouched on the fields.
A system of planting crops on ridge tops.
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
A living organism that possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern biotechnology.
Dietary energy consumption that is continuously below the minimum requirement for maintaining a healthy life and carrying out light physical activity.
Sets found in the same folder
The Cultural Landscape Chapter 9: Key issues 1&2
The Cultural Landscape Chapter 13: Key issues 1&2
The Cultural Landscape Chapter 13: Key Issues 3&4
The Cultural Landscape Chapter 7: Key Issues 3&4
Other sets by this creator
APUSH chapter 5
APUSH chapter 3
APUSH Period 2
APUSH Period 1
Recommended textbook solutions
Politics in States and Communities
Susan A. MacManus, Thomas R. Dye
Marketing Essentials: The Deca Connection
Carl A. Woloszyk, Grady Kimbrell, Lois Schneider Farese
Human Resource Management
John David Jackson, Patricia Meglich, Robert Mathis, Sean Valentine
Information Technology Project Management: Providing Measurable Organizational Value
Jack T. Marchewka