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study of the choices people make regarding right and wrong


answers specific moral questions, determining what is reasonable and therefore what one should believe

normative ethics

examines ethical systems to appraise their logical foundations and internal consistency


ethics and religion are compatible; many aspects of religion can be applied to external ethics practices

religious ethics

Law needs ethic; by definition a law decides what is "right" and what is "wrong"

role of ethics in law

a theory holding that values, principles, etc., are absolute and not changeable.


any theory holding that criteria of judgment are relative, varying with individuals and their environments


"there is no magic in majorities"; democracy may be fair, but majorities have been wrong

majority rule and its rule in morality

feelings can mislead; use sparingly; feelings can inspire or can ruin lives;

role of feelings

natural endowment; social conditioning; moral choice

shapers of conscience

a person's basic temperament and level and kind of intelligence

natural endowment

what aspects of ones life affects his or her ability to make ethical decisions

social conditioning

the ability to weigh alternatives and make reasoned moral choices

moral choice

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