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Moral Development: Thinking Ethically Chapters 1, 2, 3, 7 4
study of the choices people make regarding right and wrong
answers specific moral questions, determining what is reasonable and therefore what one should believe
examines ethical systems to appraise their logical foundations and internal consistency
ethics and religion are compatible; many aspects of religion can be applied to external ethics practices
Law needs ethic; by definition a law decides what is "right" and what is "wrong"
role of ethics in law
a theory holding that values, principles, etc., are absolute and not changeable.
any theory holding that criteria of judgment are relative, varying with individuals and their environments
"there is no magic in majorities"; democracy may be fair, but majorities have been wrong
majority rule and its rule in morality
feelings can mislead; use sparingly; feelings can inspire or can ruin lives;
role of feelings
natural endowment; social conditioning; moral choice
shapers of conscience
a person's basic temperament and level and kind of intelligence
what aspects of ones life affects his or her ability to make ethical decisions
the ability to weigh alternatives and make reasoned moral choices