Create an account
Greece is surrounded by the ________________ which provided the ability for great trading.
fishers and sailors
Because Greece has such a long coastline, most people were ____________________.
Greek civilization began in the island of _____________ and lived a a civilized lifestyle before 1500 BC.
Knossos was famous for the ancient ruins of paintings on wet plasted known as__________________
Minoans were conquested around 1500 by Greek warriors from the mainland known as ___________________.
Illiad and Odyssey
epic poems written by later Greeks that helped us learn alot about the Mycenaean's
legendary ancient Greek blind poet, the author of the epic poems the Illian and the Odyssey; his stories were the first ever writtend down
epic poem about kidnapping of a Greek princess, Helen of Troy, by a Trojan prince, Paris - started a 10-year war between the Greeks and the Trojans
describes the journey of one of the victorious Greek generals who spends the next 10 years trying to get home
In 1200 BC the Mycenaean's were conquered by Greeks from the north called the ________________.
When the Dorians took over, this period in Greece became known as the ______________because they could not read or write
Around the time the Dorians took over Greece, __________ were introduced and began to dominate.
the Greek government for city-states was a _______________ from 700 BC where the nobility controlled the city-states; ruled by upper class land owners.
From 650 BC to 500BC the Greek government for city-states ruled by _______________ - individuals who took over by force; sometimes they were good, sometimes harsh
After 500 BC, many city-states turned to popular government of _______________ or "rule by the people"
Greek were also known as ____________a nation and ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and neighboring regions
each city-state had an ________________ where their fort was; it was a hill with public buildings
Sparta had an elected assembly and two ceremonial kings but government was ruled by overseers called _____________.
irrational fear of foreigners; because of this, Spartans did not travel and visitors were not welcome
Spartan men were expected to be part of the efficient ______________and ate with the other men in mess halls instead of with their families
True about Spartan women
Spartan women had more freedom then Greeks in other cities but were expected to be equally tough as men
False about Spartan women
Spartan women had less freedom then Greeks in other cities but were expected to be weaker than men
True about Spartans
They produced no great literature, art or science because everything was focused on military control
expressing much in few words; original meaning of this word referred to the people of Sparta
A Greek historian who said, "the most extraordinary thing of all is that despite the universal praise for Sparta's society, not a single city is willing to copy it."
True about Athens women
Athens women could have citizenship but could not participate in government or vote; were expected to be quiet and domestic.
False about Athens women
Athens women could not have citizenship but could participate in government or vote.
______________were free residence and were living and making money but could not participate in government.
female, slave or foreigner
Athens were very democratic unless you were a _________, ______________ or ________________.
Cyrus the Great
In 546 BC, _____________________built a began the Persian empire by defeating the _____________.
The Greek colonies on the coast of ______________ refused to pay tribute or taxes to Persian so they rebelled.
part-time, citizen soldiers
Athenian army consisted primarily of ________________ who were protecting their home states.
After just a few hours of the Battle of Marathon, 6,400 ___________had died and only 192 Athenians.
In 480 BC the _________________won the war against the Persians and become the superpower of Greece
The greatest Athenian leader of all time. Elected general for 16 years and led the city for 30 years
Sparta won the war, but could not defend itself from other Greek city-states and eventually ________________would rule Greece.
Socrates would rather be called a ________________ than a sophits because he considered them deceitful, proud and "user of words"
Socrates believed in people thinking for themselves and using reason & logic to discover __________________.
_______________believed in relative truth - that truth can change depending on the the situation.
Plato's most famous work about an ideal government run by a trained class of philosopher kings
Metaphor of the Cave
One of the most famous stories of philosphy in the Western world; found in The Republic
Plato believed you could not know the truth in the real world, but in the world of _______________.
Artistotle was considered an authority of life by the _______________ and was called the "Master".
Truth about the characteristics of Greek religion
Greek religion had no moral focus or salvation. There were no commandments or holy book.
False about the characteristics of Greek religion
Greek religion had a lot of moral focus and believed in salvation. Greeks had their own commandments and holy book.
The ________________were held in honor of Zeus and were held every four years and lasted five days
most of what we know about Greek painting and sculpting comes from descriptions and ___________copies
Temple of Olympia
location of Phidias' statue of Zeus and and considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World
________________represented things such as strength, intelligence, beauty, grace and courage.
Greeks expressed _________________of harmony, balance and order combined with beauty and usefulness.
Greeks excelled in writing _________________, a play in which the main character struggles with life.
pride or overconfidence by Greek actors who considered themselves to have the same knowledge or abilities of the gods.
Athenians _______________high quality vases and ____________them with trade ships all over the Mediterranean.
True about Athenian family life
Athenian's family life consisted of arranged marriages, women had few rights and it was a very patriarchal society.
False about Athenian family life
Athenian's family like had very few arranged marriages, women had the most rights and it was a very matriarchal society.
True about Athenian schooling
only the boys were educated in literature classics, grammar, music, geometry, astronomy, rhetoric and arithmatic
False about Athenian schooling
both boys and girls were educated in literature classics, grammar, music, geometry, astronomy, rhetoric and arithmatic
the most widely spoken language of the Mediterranean; the New Testament was written in this language
The _____________________ also had an infantry of foot soldiers and calvary of mounted men.
Alexander the Great
took over Macedon at the age of 20 after his father was assassinated at his daughter's wedding by an ex-bodyguard
Alexander the Great
_________________tutored by Aristotle, helped his father conquer the Greeks and was a very brave and skillful general
traditional story Alexander the Great heard after his first victory which said it could only be undone by the ruler of the world; Alexander the Great cut it in half
Alexander the Great marched his army all the way to ______________ but after 10 years, his men rebelled and turned around
Alexander the Great returned to Babylon and married _____________, a Persian princess to show cultural unity
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together