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150 terms

Vocabulary Power Plus for the New SAT Book III — Unit #10

STUDY
PLAY
pedestrian
ordinary or dull
bona fide
in good faith
adventitious
accidential; nonessential
fecund
fertile; productive
deviate
to turn aside from a course; to stray
obfuscate
to confuse; to bewilder
impale
to pierce with a sharp stake through the body
extenuate
to lessen seriousness by providing partial excuses
parochial
local; narrow; limited
glower
to stare angrily
edify
improve someone morally
ambiguous
open to more than one interpretation
cataclysm
a violent change
optimum
best; most favorable; ideal
importune
to ask persistently; to beg
Impotent
powerless; lacking strength
Antithesis
an exact opposite
Maelstrom
whirlpool; turbulence
Emendation
a correction
Chagrin
embarrassment; a complete loss of courage
Bauble
a showy but useless thing
Diaphanous
very sheer and light
Labyrinth
a complicated network of winding passages
Gloat
to look or think with great satisfaction
Impediment
a barrier; obstruction
Bestial
savage; brutal
Effete
worn out; barren
Shard
a fragment
Bland
mild; tasteless; dull
Nihilism
a total rejection of establsihed laws
factious
causing disagreement
ignoble
dishonorable; shameful
boor
a rude or impolite person
aegis
a shield; protection
perspicacity
keenness of judgment
fervent
eager; earnest
rectify
to correct; make right
enervate
to weaken
besiege
to overwhelm; to surround and atack
ephemeral
lasting only a brief time; short-lived
altruism
a concern for others; generosity
carrion
decaying flesh
erotic
pertaining to sexual love
amorphous
shapeless, formless, vague
opulent
rich, luxurious; wealthy
celibate
abstaining from sex
fortuitous
happening by chance/accident
recapitulate
to summarize/to repeat briefly
perfunctory
done without care; in a routine fashion
baroque
overly decorated
hedonism
pursuit of pleasure, especially of the senses
obloquy
strong disapproval; a bad reputation resulting from public criticism
debacle
a complete failure; a total collapse
quasi-
resembling; seeming; half
besmirch
to make dirty; to stain
imperative
extremely necessary; vitally important
sacrosanct
exteremely holy
sadistic
derving pleasure from inflicting pain on others
facetious
comical; jocular; flippant
demeanor
behavior; manor of conducting oneself
Adroit
adj. skillful; clever; dexterous; apt (ant: clumsy; awkward)
Macroscopic
adj. visible to the naked eye (ant: microscopic)
Fatuous
adj. foolish; inane; silly (ant: sensible, wise)
Bovine
adj. pertaining to cows or cattle
Ferret
v. to search or drive out
Affectation
n. a phony attitude; pose (syn: insincerity, sham; ant: sincerity; genuiness)
Knell
n. a sound made by a bell, often rung slowly for a death or funeral
Dichotomy
n. a division into two parts
Callow
adj. young and inexperienced (syn: immature; ant: mature, sophisticated)
Laconic
adj. using few words; short; concise (syn: pithy, taciturn; ant: verbose, loquacious)
Quiddity
n. an essential quality; essence
Patent
adj. evident or obvious (syn: indisputable, apparent)
Peccadillo
n. a minor offense; a misdeed
Sagacious
adj. wise; having keen perception and sound judgement (syn: shrewd, intelligent; ant: obtuse, fatuous)
Rationalize
v. to make an excuse for; to justify
Fop
n. an excessively fashion-conscious man (syn: dandy)
Imprecation
n. a curse (syn: condemnation; anathema; ant: blessing)
Non Sequitur
n. something that does not logically follow (syn: fallacy, misconception)
Sanguine
adj. cheerful, optimistic
Bowdlerize
v. to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc. (syn: censor)
Impair
v. to weaken; to cause to become worse (syn: damage, deteriorate; ant: enhance)
Panegyric
n. an expression of praise (syn: tribute, extolment; ant: denunciation)
Quandary
n. a puzzling situation; a dilemma (syn: predicament)
Ebullient
adj. enthusiastic (syn: exuberant, lively; ant: dejected, dispirited)
Deference
n. respect, consideration
Carnal
adj. relating to physical appetite, especially sexual (syn: erotic; ant: chaste, modest)
Nebulous
adj. hazy; vague; uncertain (syn: cloudy, indistinct, obscure; ant: precise)
Rakish
adj. dashingly stylish and confident (syn: dapper, jaunty; ant: slovenly, disheveled)
Elegy
n. a sad or mournful poem (syn: dirge, lament)
Pedantic
adj. tending to show off one's learning (syn: bookish)
Antipathy
n. an intense dislike (syn: aversion; ant: affinity)
Elucidate
v. to make clear (syn: explain, clarify; ant: obscure)
Imminent
adj. likely to happen (syn: impending, approaching; ant: distant, delayed)
Banal
adj. common, ordinary (syn: trivial, inspired; ant: original, fresh)
Obdurate
adj. stubborn, hardhearted (syn: inflexible, obstinate; ant: compliant, amenable)
Peruse
v. to read carefully, scrutinize
Bedlam
n. a noisy uproar; a scene of wild confusion (syn: mayhem, chaos)
Affluence
n. wealth, richness, fortune
Scurrilous
coarsely abusive; vulgar, indecent (ant: respectable)
Parody
n. a word which imitates another in a ridiculous manner (syn: caricature, burlesque, lampoon)
Sedulous
adj. hard working, diligent (syn: studious, assiduous; ant: lazy, lax)
Onerous
adj. burdensome; heavy; hard to endure (syn: crushing, distressing)
Amoral
adj. lacking a sense of right and wrong (syn: corrupt, evil; ant: innocent, virtuous)
Eschew
v. to keep away from; to avoid; to shun (ant: embrace, welcome)
Denouement
n. an outcome; result; conclusion
deride
to ridicule; to mock
censure
to criticize sharply
gambol
to frolic; to romp about playfully
immolate
to kill someone as a sacrificial victim, usually by fire
recondite
difficult to understand; profound
martinet
a strict disciplinarian; taskmaster
quagmire
a swamp; a difficult or inextricable situation
gibe
to scoff, to ridicule
agape
open-mouthed, surprised, agog
carcinogen
causing cancer
olfactory
pertaining to smell
imperious
domineering; haughty
grotesque
absurd; distorted
neologism
a new word or expression
hackneyed
commonplace; overused
machination
an evil design or plan
pejorative
having a negative effect; insulting
harbinger
an omen or sign
nubile
suitable for marriage in age and physical development, referring to a female
sapient
wise; full of knowledge
chimerical
imaginary; fantastic
masochist
one who enjoys his or her own pain and suffering
finesse
diplomacy; tact; artful management
heterogeneous
different; dissimilar
eclectic
choosing from various sources
grandiose
impressive; showy; magnificent
raiment
clothing; garments
blanch
to whiten; to make pale
hybrid
anything of mixed origin
idiosyncrasy
a peculiar personality trait
idolatry
excessive or blind adoration; worship of an object
adulterate
to make impure, to contaminate
emanate
to come forth; to send forth
garish
tastelessly gaudy
immutable
unchangeable, fixed
diadem
a crown
bucolic
pertaining to the countryside; rural, rustic
redolent
having a pleasant odor; suggestive or evocative
impecunious
without money; penniless
sedition
rebellion or resistance against the government
defile
to pollute, to corrupt
gratuitous
unnecessary or uncalled for
onus
a burden, responsibility, obligation
impious
disrespectful towards God
caveat
a warning