Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Baseball Exam 1
Terms in this set (76)
Why are there so many hits and books when we search critical thinking?
no one really knows what it is
dictionary definition of critical thinking
disciplined thinking that is clear, rational, backed up by evidence, conceptualizing, applying...
urban dictionary definition of critical thinking
think for yourself, fair minded (know both sides), full perspective of whole dispute, balance pros and cons, admit when wrong, counteract cognitive biases
what are the 5 soft skills college students lack?
1. critical thinking (60%)
2. attention to details (56%)
3. communication (46%)
4. leadership (44%)
5. teamwork (36%)
what are the three most important hard skills employers think students lack?
1. writing proficiency (44%)
2. public speaking (39%)
3. data analysis (36%)
What is confirmation bias?
a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence. it poisons critical thinking
what is system 1?
fast thinking to make judgments and assessments and decisions about something. you do this automatically with minimal strain and consciousness.
what is system 2?
our more deliberative decision-making system, which is slower, conscious, effortful, explicit, and logical.
is heuristic thinking (shortcuts) associated with system 1 or 2?
is critical thinking associated with system 1 or 2?
are these characteristics associated with system 1 or 2?
- jump to conclusions
- instant gratification
- simply daily decisions
- easy path
- frequently used
- experienced based
- statistically adverse
- cognitive biases causes erros
are these characteristics associated with system 1 or 2?
- process driven
- crawls to conclusions
- delayed gratification
- complex daily decisions
- hard path
- infrequently used
- evidence base
- statistically rich
- analysis balances biases
an over reliance on the first piece of information seen or heard
ex. stores will sell you something for $300 but put the original pricetag was $1000. this makes you believe you are getting a good deal when in reality the store actually wanted $300 to begin with
anchoring effect (over rely on first info)
overestimate the importance of info available to them. we only see what is available to the eye. we do this with the media and make judgments based on the info they provide
ex. tip of the iceberg
availability effect (tip of the iceberg)
decisions based on the outcome of previous events, with no regard to the means that caused the outcome. it overemphasizes the outcome.
ex. don't judge the method, judge the result. or the ends justify the means
outcome bias (ends justify the means)
believing false info after hearing it repeatedly. hearing it often enough makes us start to think it is true. intersect in business with groupthink and conformity bias (a group makes a decision that discourage others to challenge it; won't go against the whole group)
ex. fake news
illusory truth effect (say a falsehood often)
when we overvalue a certain case and ignore the larger context of data. we think "this time it's different", so we misjudge outcomes, make bad decisions that focus on an exception, and ignore the rule
ex. assuming a librarian is shyer than a salesperson
base-rate fallacy (this time its different)
focusing on events or people that survived beyond a process while overlooking those that failed to survive since they are not readily available (visible)
ex. don't forget the dead
survivorship bias (don't forget the dead)
a phenomenon where we remember things, people, or events that occurred recently while not recalling more distant occurring incidents. intersects with the halo effect (a positive impression in one area may erroneously bleed positive impressions for all areas)
ex. what have you done for me lately
preference for keeping things the same, we tend to resist change and often see that "doing nothing is easier". intersects with loss aversion (losing $20 is more painful than the joy of finding $20)
status quo bias (doing nothing is easier)
a trap that people tend to irrationally continue with an event, person, or thing that cost them much money, time or effort.
ex. paying $10 for a movie and the movie sucks. you still watch the movie though because you spent money on it.
sunk cost fallacy (throw good $ after bad)
we overestimate the likelihood of positive events and underestimate the chance if negative outcomes
ex. i smoke cigarettes because lung cancer won't happen to me
ex. i buy baseball cards hoping they go up in value (greater fool theory)
optimism bias (ostrich, ignore facts)
we believe in something and to confirm it we seek info, opinions, and research that supports our belief. its the mother of all cognitive biases
ex. liberals watch cnn and conservative watch fox
confirmation bias (worst of all)
every man has a right to be wrong in his ....?
but no man has a right to be wrong in his ...?
what are some characteristics of facts?
objective, provable, reliable sources (book/journal, stats, scientific law, government laws)
are these facts or opinions?
1. JFK was president from 1961-1963
2. 56% of deaths are suicide
facts and their reliable authority are the newspaper and statistics
when can observations be a fact?
when we use our sense. for example, we know for a fact this baseball bat is bigger than the other one
how can a fact change over time?
when science forces a change of thought
when can opinion be generally accepted as fact?
- if the person is an expert
- scientific opinion
- legal opinion
- judicial (opinion of the court)
what are some characteristics of opinion?
subjective, can't be proven true or false, feelings or judgements, perspective, exaggeration
what are some giveaway opinion words?
apparently, usually, probably, perhaps, maybe, least/most, best/worst
are these examples of fact or opinion?
1. JFK was an excellent president
2. It's likely suicide rates will decrease
- excellent and its likely give this away
how do avoid cardiac arrest? ("i know it in my heart")
what are the 6 stages of blooms taxonomy from biggest to smallest?
remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating
how do the original and revised versions of blooms taxonomy differ?
the original had nouns and the new one has verbs
what is wrong with this picture?
as long as the losing team got a chance to bat, umps can call the game for weather. therefore, the two players emotions should be flipped. brooklyn should be sad and pitt should be happy and not nervous
What is SABR?
society for american baseball research
- student membership $45
- bioproject opportunities
what is baseball reference?
- has photos
- lots of info/stats on different players
what is fan graphs?
- not as many photos
- bland but to the point
what three books are a good read about baseball?
smart baseball, the inside game, ahead of the curve
what system of thinking tends to be initially lazy?
we often rely on what to make fast-thinking, unconscious decisions?
what type of thinking is often inaccurate and unconscious?
what type of thinking is used when we are asked for our age?
what type of thinking requires delayed gratification?
what is the most common cognitive bias?
what cognitive bias relies on only info from the "tip of the iceberg"
what cognitive bias relies on the first piece of info learned?
fast thinkers use what kind of mental shortcuts to solve problems quickly?
what cognitive bias leads us to "throw good money after bad"?
what level of blooms taxonomy uses learned information in a new way?
what construct compares the pros and cons of a given issue?
what is the #1 soft skill employers desire in college graduates?
what model classifies critical thinking from simple to complex levels?
what are the lowest and highest levels of bloom's taxonomy?
remembering and creating
what source manipulates facts with emotion to align with its agenda?
the news media
what level of blooms taxonomy did george carlin reach when he compared football and baseball?
social media uses what to attract users to post similar to previous posts they liked?
what economic law determines the price of any given commodity?
supply and demand
what topics are too personal, emotional, and subjective to discuss with family and friends?
money, politics, and religion
what literary strategy works well in story telling?
rule of three
what sentence states a writers debatable position?
what appears at the end of a completed document?
the words 'is' 'was' 'to be' are commonly used in what style of writing?
what is the name for jargon and slang to be avoided in formal writing?
what artifacts supply first-hand facts?
a book review is considered what type of source in research?
each RO3 requires an endnote that provides what?
what is the type of tone used in a written debate?
what should you avoid in a research paper?
personal pronouns and contractions
bernard baruch stated "everyman has a right to be wrong in his..."
what did the blind men lack when describing an elephant?
facts and perspective
who said "know the rules well so you can break them effectively"?
what type of 'mind' is the intersection of "reasonable" and "emotional" minds?
what parable compares clueless people to those more informed?
platos allegory of the cave
Other sets by this creator
exam 2: chapter 7- cellular respiration
exam 2: chapter 8- photosynthesis
exam 2: chapter 6-metabolism
exam 2: hormones
Other Quizlet sets
Hamlet Act 1 and 2 Test Review
Unit 3 Study Guide For Transition
Los preguntas de Oro