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91 terms

Anatomy 3

study terms from week 1 & 2 - Respiratory and Urinary Systems.
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internal respiration
The exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells.
bronchi - trachea - larynx - pharynx - nose
How air exits the respiratory system
pharynx
When air leaves the posterior nares, it enters the
respiration
The overall exchange of gases between the atmosphere, blood and tissue cells
25
Approximately how many order of branching are there from the trachea to the alveolar ducts?
laryngopharynx
The inferior section of the pharynx is the:
internal respiration
The process whereby oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide at the level of a body cell is called:
glottis
The opening between the pharynx and larynx is the
pharynx - larynx - trachea - bronchi
How does air enter the respiratory system?
the pharynx and middle ear
The eustacian tube forms a communication between
trachea
Upon inhalation, air leaving the pharynx will next pass through the:
diaphragm
Which muscle is functional in breathing?
pharynx
The funnel-like organ just posterior to the oral and nasal cavities is the
primary bronchi
Which structures results from the bifurcation of the trachea?
external respiration
The exchange of gases between the air sacs of the lungs and the pulmonary capillaries of the blood vascular system
bronchi - larynx - pharynx - trachea
The lower respiratory tract consists of all of the following except
epiglottis
This protective structure helps to keep food and fluids out of the airways:
fauces
The opening from the oral cavity into the pharynx
larynx
The passageway that connects the pharynx with the trachea is the
sternal angle or Angle of Louis (level of T5)
Where does the trachea bifurcate?
thyroid cartilage
Which cartilage forms the most anterior wall of the larynx?
pulmonary ventilation
The movement of air into and out of the lungs is referred to as:
cricoid cartilage
The most inferior cartilage of the larynx is the:
perpendicular plate - cartilage - palatine process - vomer
Which of the following is not part of the nasal septum?
septum
The hollow nasal cavity is separated by a midline partition called the:
air
Paranasal sinuses are normally filled with:
oropharynx
The anatomical division of the pharynx that is located behind the mouth from the soft palate to above the level of the hyoid bone us called the
bronchioles
The smallest branches of the bronchial tree are:
3
The right lung has ____ lobes
cardiac notch
This indentation is located medially on the left lung:
2
How many secondary bronchi are there in the left lung?
mandible - sphenoid - ethmoid - frontal - maxillae
Which of the following bones does not contain a paranasal sinus?
pharynx
When air leaves the posterior nares, it enters the:
bronchopulmonary segment
The portion of the lung tissue that the tertiary bronchi supply is called:
alveoli sacs
The terminal air sacs of the lungs are called:
epiglottis
The large leaf shaped cartilage of the larynx is called:
thyroid
The most superior piece of laryngeal cartilage is the:
lung
The principle organ of the respiratory system is:
lobar
Secondary bronchi are also called:
true - false
The root of the lung is made up of the bronchi, blood vessels and nerves:
FALSE - true - esophageal, aortic and IVC
The three openings in the diaphragm are: the esophageal; aortic and SVC;
TRUE - false
The pharynx serves as a passageway for both air and food
lateral
In relation to the heart, the lungs lie
3
The phrenic has ____ foramens
hilus or hilum
The vertical slit located medially on each lung is called:
base
Which part of the lung rests on the diaphragm?
TRUE - false
The right lung is divided into three lobes by horizontal and oblique fissures
segmental
Tertiary bronchi are also called;
FALSE - true - in the right
Aspirated objects tend to lodge in the left bronchus
TRUE - false
The sternal angle is where the manubrium meets the body of the sternum
bowman's capsule
The doubled walled cup of epithelial tissue found in the urinary system is called:
supine
When a body is placed with the anterior surface facing superiorly, it is placed in a ____position.
2 ureteral openings and 1 internal urethral opening
The three openings that lead into the urinary bladder are:
urethra
The terminal portion of the urinary system is the:
3, 5, 1
Put in order - 1. renal fascia 2. renal medulla 3. renal capsule 4. renal cortex 5. adipose capsule
glottis
The opening between the pharynx and larynx is the
on the medial surface
Where is the hilus of the kidney located?
thoracic-abdominal
Which of the following cavities does the phrenic separate?
glomerulus
A cluster of capillaries within a nephron is referred to as a(n)
nasopharynx
Upon exhalation, air leaving the larynx will next pass through the:
11 & 12
The kidneys are partially protected by ribs:
renal medulla
The deep reddish brown region of the internal anatomy of the kidney is the:
subject is in a supine position
Which does NOT apply to the anatomical position? 1.subject is in a supine position 2.upper extremities are at the sides 3.subject is facing the observer 4.subject is facing the observer 5.subject is standing erect 6.thumbs are pointing away from the body
topographical anatomy
The study of anatomy with emphasis on superficial landmarks is termed:
internal respiration
The exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells is called:
right and left portions
The sagittal plane divides the body into:
nephron
The functional unit of the kidney is referred to as the:
Urinary bladder
The organ of the urinary system that acts as a reservoir:
pathological anatomy
The branch of anatomy that studies structural changes in the body as a result of disease is called:
Urethra
The tube that leads from the floor of the urinary bladder to the exterior of the body is called:
anatomy
The science that deals with the structure of the body is referred to as:
glomerulus
The tuft of capillaries that is surrounded by a double walled epithelial cup is called:
I, III
Which of the following study the structures of the body without the use of a microscope? I. gross anatomy II. histology III. macroscopic anatomy IV. cytology V. microscopic anatomy
renal pyramids
Located within the renal medulla are cone shaped structures called:
ureter
The function of these structures is to transport urine from the renal pelvis to the place where it is be stored prior to micturition
medial
A term in descriptive human anatomy that means toward the midline of the body:
trigone
The shape of the floor of the urinary bladder is referred to as being:
collecting duct
This duct takes the urine that has been formed within the nephron and drains it into the minor calyces:
posterior wall of the urinary bladder
Where do the ureters terminate?
TRUE - false
Transitional epithelium is found only in the urinary bladder.
FALSE - true
In the male the urinary bladder lies posterior to the rectum.
spongy urethra
When the urethra passes through the corpus spongiosum of the penis, it is referred to as:
TRUE - false
In the male, the urethra serves a dual purpose.
lateral
A term in descriptive human anatomy that means away from the midline of the body:
collecting duct, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
Choose the correct pathway for the drainage of urine:
proximal
A term in descriptive anatomy that means away from the feet
pharynx
When air leaves the posterior nares, it enters the:
primary bronchi
Which structures results from the bifurcation of the trachea?
external respiration
The exchange of gases between the air sacs of the lungs and the pulmonary capillaries of the blood vascular system
larynx
The passageway that connects the pharynx with the trachea
cricoid
The most inferior cartilage of the larynx is the: