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Freshman Theology Final
Study guide for the First Term Freshman Theology Final
Terms in this set (47)
A collection of sacred books containing the truth of God's Revelation
The collection of books the Church recognizes as the inspired Word of God.
A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made.
The divine assistance the Holy Spirit gave the authors of the books of the Bible so the authors could write in human words the salvation message God wanted to communicate.
God's self-communication through which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan. Divine Revelation is a gift accomplished by the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit through the words and deeds of salvation history. It is most fully realized in the Passion, death, Resurrection & Ascension of Jesus Christ.
Teachings recognized as central to Church teaching, defined by the Magisterium and accorded the fullest weight and authority.
The twenty-seven books of the Bible written in apostolic times, which have the life, teachings, Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ and the beginnings of the Church as their central theme.
The 46 books that make up the first part of the Bible and record salvation history before the coming of the Savior, Jesus Christ.
The handing on of the message of God's saving plan through words and deeds
The pattern of specific events in human history in which God clearly reveals his presence and saving actions. Salvation was accomplished once and for all through Jesus Christ, a truth foreshadowed and revealed throughout the Old Testament.
St Jerome's Latin translation of the Bible completed in the early 5th century AD
Under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the synthesis in written form of the message of salvation that has been passed down in the oral tradition.
The mystery of Jesus Christ, the divine Son of God, becoming man. Jesus Christ became truly man while remaining truly God.
The Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope.
The process by which God makes himself known to human reason through the created world. Historical conditions and the consequences of Original Sin, however, often hinder our ability to fully know God's truth through natural revelation alone.
The dogma declaring the Pope, by the power of the Holy Spirit, free from error when he solemnly declares a dogmatic teaching on faith and morals as being contained in Divine Revelation
A call from God to all members of the Church to embrace a life of holiness. Specifically, it refers to a call to live the holy life as an ordained minister, as a vowed religious (sister or brother), in a Christian marriage, or in single life.
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops. It is accomplished through the laying on of hands when a bishop is ordained in the Sacrament of Holy Orders. The office of bishop is permanent, because at ordination a bishop is marked with an indelible, sacred character.
Deposit of Faith
The heritage of faith contained in the Sacred Scriptures and Tradition. It has been passed on from the time of the Apostles. The Magisterium takes from it all that it teaches as revealed truth.
A Greek word meaning "word," used to refer to the Second Person of the Trinity, Jesus Christ
A serious transgression of a person's relationship with God and neighbor. It hinders an individual's potential for love and eternal life.
The term has two meanings: (1) the sin of the first human beings, who disobeyed God's command by choosing to follow their own will and thus lost their original holiness and became subject to death, (2) the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world.
sin that is less serious and reparable by charity
The father or leader of a tribe, clan, or tradition.
The time period before the invention of writing and recording of historical data.
A person God chooses to speak his message of salvation. In the Bible, primarily a communicator of a divine message of repentance to the Chosen People, not necessarily a person who predicted the future.
The process of passing on the Gospel message. It began with oral communication of the Gospel by the Apostles, was written down in the Scriptures, and is interpreted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit
Any deliberate offense, in thought, word, or deed, against the will of God
God's manifestation of himself in a visible form to enrich human understanding of him. An example is God's appearance to Moses in the form of a burning bush
The central mystery of the Christian faith that God exists as a communion of three distinct and interrelated divine Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
The Babylonians pillaged Judah, destroyed the Temple and the city of Jerusalem, and banished the people in chains to serve as slaves in Babylon. The Exile lasted until 539 BC
The worship of false gods or the love of anything more than the one, true God.
Little flakes the Israelites collected and boiled or baked into a bread-like substance, symbolizing God as the sole sustainer of life.
The belief in and worship of one, true God
The night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spared the firtborn sons from death.
meaning "a buying back" - refers, in the Old Testament, to Yahweh's deliverance of Israel and in the New Testament, to Christ's deliverance of all Christians from the forces of sin
meaning "to make sorry," referring to the recognition and rejection of personal sin
To make holy; a rite offered to God on behalf of the people, presided over by a priest who leads and represents the community in adoration, repentance, gratitude, and honor.
Ark of the Covenant
A sacred chest that housed the tablets of the Ten Commandments. It was placed within the sanctuary where God would come and dwell.
A Hebrew word meaning "God is with us."
A message communicated by prophets on behalf of God, usually a message of divine direction or consolation for the prophet's own time.
To foretell or predict; to deliver messages from God.
A prophetic term for the small portion of people who will be saved because of their faithfulness to God
A form of government where ultimate authority is enshrined within one person
A nation ruled by God
Belief in many gods and goddesses
"the interior voice" of a person, a God-given sense of the law of God.
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