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Chapter 3 Online 1st quiz
Terms in this set (14)
Overall, our textbook writer sees prejudice and discrimination as the techniques or tools by which dominance an subordinate are maintained and stabilized in systems of ethnic stratification
Prejudice is different from discrimination in that
Prejudice is attitude; discrimination is action
Which of the following characterizes prejudice
Individuals are judged on the basis of their membership, not their personal attributes
it is not only error in thought but is an error not subject to correction
The specific traits ascribed to targeted groups are considered inferior and socially undesirable
they are based on erroneous or inadequate group images called stereotypes.
According to class lecture, ethnic stereotypes are different from rational stereotypes in that
They are oversimplistic and overexaggerated beliefs.
they are generally acquired not through first hand experience
They are resistant to change even when face with evidences that refute their validity
Which of the following demonstrates "selection perception" in ethnic stereotypes
People tend to take special notice of instances that confirm their stereotypes and ignore that do not.
People tend to interpret actions of ethnic groups based on their preconceived image.
In the famous Princeton trilogy study from 1993 to 1967, what did researchers found about undergraduate students' ethnic stereotypes
in 1933, most students share similar stereotypes of other ethnic groups
in 1951 and 1967 studies, when asked to name ethnic stereotypes, many students felt uncomfortable or reluctant.
Throughout the studies, traditional stereotypes had declined in frequency.
According to Devine and Elliot study
Failed to distinguish between knowledge of stereotypes and personal beliefs.
During WWII, negative images of Japanese and Germans-as evil hostile, and cruel- prevailed. But by the 1960s, the groups were seen as clean, efficient, and industrious. This dramatic change in people's stereotypes of the Japanese and Germans is consistent with
Buchanan and Cantril study on changes in America attittude to Russians
Sometimes, a group may have successfully competed with the dominant group (as in the case of Jewish Americans). They could not be labeled lazy or unintelligent. Then, they tend to be pictured as too ambitious, and with a craft kind of self interested intelligence.
The competitive use of stereotypes
Some social scientists use Bogardus Social Distance Scale to measure
The effective dimension of prejudice
Much like the term "flower" triggers a set of associations related to that term (petals, pleasant, scent, attractive), the word "African American" also triggers a set of association in our minds. These associations can influence our judgements, perceptions, and actions toward the target group, even among those of us who consciously disavow stereotypical beliefs.
Based on Vidmar and Rokeach study
Ethnic satires may backfire because they often reinforce ethnic stereotypes.
Write down the definition of prejudice
According to Gordon Allport, prejudice is "antipathy based on faulty and inflexible generalizations".
Write down the definition of discrimination according to the textbook
Discrimination is "behavior aimed at denying members of particular ethnic groups equal to societal rewards".
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