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the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element


the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance


A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances


as found in nature in the elemental form


a substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds


a solid whose atoms, ion, or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern


a measure of the amount of matter in an object


being or relating to or derived from or having properties characteristic of living organisms


a measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching


the color of the powder of a mineral


the manner in which a mineral breaks along either curved or irregular surfaces


the way in which a mineral reflects light


the appearance of objects described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness


the splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces

silicate mineral

a mineral that contains a combination of silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals

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