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15 terms

Minerals

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atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
density
the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
native
as found in nature in the elemental form
compound
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds
crystal
a solid whose atoms, ion, or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
organic
being or relating to or derived from or having properties characteristic of living organisms
hardness
a measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching
streak
the color of the powder of a mineral
fracture
the manner in which a mineral breaks along either curved or irregular surfaces
luster
the way in which a mineral reflects light
color
the appearance of objects described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness
cleavage
the splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces
silicate mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals