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45 terms

AP US History Chp 20 Terms

do not mind the creation date, its up to date Quiz: C: 9/11/12 B: 9/12/12
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stalwarts
this group of Republicans led by Roscoe Conkling in the late 1800's were more conservative and favored the machine form of politics
halfbreeds
this group of Republicans led by Maine senator James Blaine in the late 1800's were moderates who favored civil service reform throughout government using tactics such as a merit system
Pension Act 1890
this act made virtually every Union army veteran and his dependents eligible for benefits
Interstate Commerce Commission
the nation's 1st independent regulatory agency, this organization was created in 1887 to bring order to the growing patchwork of state laws concerning railroads
James Garfield
the 20th president of the United States and Civil War hero was assassinated in 1881 by Charles Guiteau; his vacated position was taken by Chester Arthur
Department of Education
this organization was originally proposed by then congressman James Garfield in 1880 in which he argued that a public schooling was necessary for all children
Pendleton Act
this act passed in 1883 allowed the president, along with Senate approval, to create a 3 person commission to draw up a set of guidelines (merits) for executive and legislative appointments
Civil Service Reform Association
this organization created by the Pendleton Act established a system of standards for various federal jobs and instituted "open competitive examinations for testing the fitness of applicants for public service"; this organization also barred political candidates from soliciting campaign contributions from government workers
Grange
this refers to the local chapter of the Patrons of Husbandry for an area
Oliver Kelley
this man was the head of the Patrons of Husbandry and the leader of the Grange Movement
Munn v Illinois
this Supreme Court case upheld the federal law that established maximum rates for storing grains
Charles Macune
this key figure of the Grange movement led several regional chapters of granges to converge to form the National Farmer's Alliance and Industrial Union
National Farmer's Alliance and Industrial Union
this organization consisting of several regional chapters of granges formed by Charles Macune and William Lamb
Northern Farmers' Alliance
this alliance was made up of regional granges from Minnesota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, and the Dakota Territory and was centraled in the Great Plains
Southern Farmer's Alliance
this failed alliance as of 1889 tried to act as an alternative to the capitalist market for produce goods
Tompkins Square Riot
this protest in 1874 made by workers was made to fight equal labor wages, and a batallion of 1,600 policemen fought the crowd
Henry George
this popular economist, land reformer, and author of "Progress and Property", launched a campaign for mayor of New York City as a member of the United Labor Party ticket
Patrons of Husbandry
this organization was founded in 1867 by farmers in the Great Plains, led by Oliver Kelley, and had their own "social, intellectual, and moral movement"
Frances Willard
this leader of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the largest women's organization in the world at that time, advocated for the women of her time and believed that if they were given suffrage (voting rights) that they would greatly influence society
Populist Movement
this short-lived political party created in 1887 represented a radical form of crusading agrarianism and hostilities towards banks, railroads, and elites, as well as nominating several candidates for presidential elections, most notably William Jennings Bryan in 1896
Mary Lease
this woman activist for the Farmers' Alliances advised farmers to raise less corn and more hell against the monopolies jeopardizing the farming industry
Populist Party Platform
more commonly known as the Omaha Platform, this called for the abolition of national banks, a graduated income tax, direct election of senators, civil service reform, 8 hour working day, and federal government control of all railroads, telegraphs, and telephones
Jacob S Coxey
this radical populist gathered great masses of unemployed workers into huge armies and march into Washington, D.C. to protest to Congress for a public works program; on Easter Sunday 1894, he organized a great march starting in Massillion, Ohio with brigades from Boston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Tacoma, Denver, Salt Lake City, Reno, and Omaha to all meet up in Washington, D.C., this protest eventually fizzled out because the U.S. attorney general at the time, Richard C. Olney, conspired with state and local officials to halt most of the members from entering D.C.
Grover Cleveland
this man was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president to serve 2 terms in office non-consecutively
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
this act, created in 1890, directed the U.S. Treasury to increase the amount of currency coined from silver mined in the West and also permitted the U.S. government to print paper currency backed by the silver
McKinley Tariff
this bill established the highest import duties yet on foreign goods
William McKinley
this man was the 25th president of the United States, who was assasinated in 1901, only 1 year into his 4 year term
William J Bryan
this democrat ran against William McKinley in the Election of 1896 and 1900, losing to McKinley twice
Wilson-Gorman Tariff
this tariff issued in 1894 placed stiff restrictions on Cuban imports to the United States, cutting the volume of trade by as much as 50%
Teller Amendment
this eleventh-hour inclusion into President McKinley's declaration of war against Cuba proposed that the U.S. could not annex Cuba, but instead leave control to those citizens of the island
Theodore Roosevelt
this man was the 26th President of the United States and he was most noted for being a part of the Rough Riders and for being an advocate for expansion and Manifest Destiny as an Assistant Secretary of the Navy
AWSA
this organization formed in November 1869 by Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell was in support of the passage of the 15th Amendment (if it included woman's voting rights) on a state-by-state basis, were abolitionists, and supported voting rights for African-Americans
Bland Allison Act
this act vetoed by President Hayes then overridden into law by Congress in 1878 required by law that a percentage of silver would be bought by the US Treasury to be made into silver currency, primarily silver dollars
NWSA
this organization formed in May 1869 by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth C. Stanton was dedicated to securing woman's voting rights through the passage of the 15th Amendment in a federal government fashion
Billion Dollar Congress
this term, characterizing the 51st annual congress, refers to the humongous amount of money that was available to them to freely spend; the Pension Act of 1890 used the surplus to provide financial support to all veterans from the Union side of the Civil War
James Weaver
this man was the only ever Populist Party candidate to run for president in 1892, when he collected a meager 22 electoral college votes and lost
Depression of 1890
this economic hardship, which actually began in 1893, was a result of the bankruptcy of the nation's major railroad lines
Cleveland Morgan Deal
this agreement in 1895 came about as the result of a few major financial moguls supplied the US Treasury with 3.5 million ounces of gold in exchange for a 30-year bond issue
Karl Marx
this man's beliefs influenced social society by claiming that a class struggle between those in the upper class who controls production and a lower class who makes the goods, would result in great tension; his beliefs were a help to start the Socialist movement
Daniel DeLeon
this Marxist theoretician, newspaper editor, and politician was the leader of the Socialist Labor Party of America from 1890 until his death in 1914
free coinage of silver
this issue highlighted the struggle of the US Treasury during rough economic times in the late 1870's-1890's which concerned which type of currency would be used
Election of 1896
in this presidential election, William McKinley (R) defeats William J Bryan (D) by an electoral vote count of 271-176
Eugene Debs
this Socialist and leader of the American Railway Union organized numerous labor strikes, most famously the Pullman Strike in 1894 in Chicago
William Jennings Bryan
this man was chosen by both the Populist and Democratic parties to run for President in the Election of 1896, ultimately choosing the Democrats and losing to William McKinley (R); huge supporter of religion and prosecutor in the Scopes Trial
Gold Standard Act
this act passed in 1900 by President McKinley made it law that the only redeemable exchange for paper money could come through gold