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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. when we are incapacitated...
  2. epiphyses
  3. periosteum membrane sublayers (2)
  4. treatment of a fracture
  5. fact: calcified cartilage is not bone
  1. a bone ends
    - joint surface is covered with a thin layer of hyaline cartilage (articular cartilage)
  2. b bone is resorbed because it is not needed to support the body
  3. c superficial layer of dense irregular tissue--resists tension placed on a bone during bending
    - deep layer that abuts the compact bone
  4. d reduction: realignment of the broken bone ends
  5. e bone and cartilage are always distinct tissues

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. consists of a nutrient artery and vein, along with the cells that will form the bone marrow
    - contains bone-forming and bone-destroying cells (osteogenic stem cells and osteoclasts)
  2. (blank)
  3. all bones from the base of the skull down, except for the clavicles, are endochondral bones
    - begins late in the second month of development and is not completed until the skeleton stops growing in early adulthood
    - growing endochondral bones increase both in length and in width
  4. roughly cube-shaped
    - occur in the wrist and ankle
  5. special type of short bone that forms within a tendon
    - ex: kneecap/patella
    - vary in size and number
    - some clearly act to alter the direction of pull of a tendon
    - others reduce friction and modify pressure in tendons, thus reducing abrasion or tearing

5 True/False questions

  1. interstitial growth (cartilage)"growth from within"
    chondrocytes within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix


  2. bone resorptionaccomplished by osteoclasts


  3. central canal (Haversian canal)cartilage matrix becomes calcified and the chondrocytes die


  4. osteogenesis, before week 8stem cells that differentiate into bone-forming osteoblasts


  5. fact: periosteum is richly supplied with nerves and blood vesselswhy broken bones are painful and bleed profusely


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