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Psych 2103: Chapter 1 Practice Quiz
Terms in this set (19)
A researcher is interested in studying the consequences of behavior, such as whether a consequence increases the likelihood of the behavior that it follows. Which theory is this researcher likely studying?
b. life-course perspective
c. social learning theory
d. cognitive-development theory
For a correlation coefficient, the ________ shows the direction of the relationship, while the ________ shows the strength of the relationship.
a. probability; difference from zero
b. difference from zero; positive or negative sign
c. positive or negative sign; difference from zero
d. difference from zero; probability
positive or negative sign; difference from zero
With regard of the nature-nurture debate, which factors are most influential in determining the kind of person you are?
a. environmental and context-specific factors
b. predominantly environmental factors
c. predominantly genetic factors
d. mutually interactive genetic and environmental factors
Mutually interactive genetic and environmental factors
In general, ________ forces are all the internal cognitive, emotional, personality, and perceptual factors that influence development.
At any point in life, the ________ consists of the people and objects in an individual's immediate environment.
Two-year-old Luke lines up behind peers after seeing them make a line. Luke is demonstrating learning by _________.
b. preoperational thinking
c. operant conditioning
d. imitation or observation
imitation or observation
Dr. Zachary is studying how adolescents' self-esteem is affected by school transitions, gender, and family environment. He hopes to soon replicate his studies in Japan and Africa. Which perspective most heavily influences Dr. Zachary?
a. Life-span perspective
c. Selective optimization with compensation (SOC) model.
d. Competence-environmental press
Towanda notices that her 2-year-old child has made a huge leap in language ability. As far as language ability is concerned, Towanda would probably most agree with the ________ point of view.
b. universal development
The ideas of which theorist emphasized the discontinuity and universal stages?
Which is the proper order of Piaget's stages?
a. preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational, sensorimotor
b. concrete operational, formal operational, sensorimotor, preoperational
c. sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
d. formal operational, sensorimotor, concrete operational, preoperational
sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
Dr. Hindsmith has developed a new test for IQ. When Dr. Hindsmith distributes the new test to college students and finds that the students score the same every time they take the test, but that the test does not predict how they perform on other IQ tests. Dr. Hindsmith's test appears to have _________ but not ________.
a. validity; reliability
b. reliability; sampling efficacy
c. sampling efficacy; reliability
d. reliability; validity
A researcher chooses to study a group of Hispanic males age 25-30. This group of people composes the ________ of the research study.
c. representative sample
________ is one kind of ________.
a. Operant conditioning; negative reinforcement
b. Insight learning; punishment
c. Reinforcement; operant conditioning
d. Negative reinforcement; insight learning
Reinforcement; operant conditioning
In conducting developmental research, observation is a key technique. Recording people's behavior as it takes place, in a natural environment, is which type of observation?
Self-reports are not always valid because people ___________.
a. engage in validity bias
b. often lie about personal information
c. like being observed
d. remember events inaccurately and respond in socially acceptable ways
remember events inaccurately and respond in socially acceptable ways
According to the text, which highly populated country is the most diverse in a sociocultural context?
d. United States
A researcher is gathering several studies to estimate relations between variables. What kind of study is this researcher conducting?
a. nature versus nurture
The use of __________ typically involves intensive observation of behavior over extended periods of time.
a. qualitative research
b. independent variables
c. dependent variables
d. a sequential design
According to the example in the text, which product below was pulled from American shelves in response to human development research and its impact on social policy?
a. flammable pajamas
b. mercury-based thermometers
c. lead-based paint
d. plastic bottles
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