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Chapter 8 US History
Terms in this set (31)
Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans.
An meeting designed to awaken religious faith through impassioned preaching and prayer
Charles G. Finney
This Presbyterian minister appealed to his audience's sense of emotion rather than their reason. His "fire and brimstone" sermons became commonplace in upstate New York, where listeners were instilled with the fear of Satan and an eternity in Hell. He insisted that parishioners could save themselves through good works and a steadfast faith in God. This minister preached of the dangers of eternal damnation across the countryside
Ralph Waldo Emerson
An American transcendentalist (writer) who was against slavery and stressed SELF-RELIANCE optimism, self-improvement, self-confidence, and freedom. He was a prime example of a transcendentalist and helped further the movement.
A philosophical and literary movement of the 1800s which emphasized living a simple life while celebrating the truth in nature, emotion, and imagination. (Think Emerson)
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support the Mexican War.
A form of protest in which people were urged to not obey the law they considered unjust. But instead of protesting with violence, they were encouraged to peacefully refuse to obey those laws.
Experimental communities designed to be perfect societies. (Brook Farm, Fruitlands, Oneida)
A reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the insane as mentally ill, beginning in the 1820's, she was responsible for improving conditions in jails, poorhouses and insane asylums throughout the U.S. and Canada. She succeeded in persuading many states to assume responsibility for the care of the mentally ill. She served as the Superintendent of Nurses for the Union Army during the Civil War.
A person who wanted to end slavery in the United States
William Lloyd Garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
(1862) An order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863.
(1829) A free black, who advised blacks to fight for freedom rather than to wait for slave owners to end slavery. His newspaper was the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World."
American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published the autobiography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
(1800-1831) American slave leader, he claimed that divine inspiration had led him to end the slavery system. Called this man's Rebellion, the slave revolt was the most violent one in U.S. history; he was tried, convicted, and executed.
Belonging to a period before a war especially the American Civil War
1835 Law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress
Cult of Domesticity
The idea that the role of the women was to be home-makers and wives, which were the only proper activities for a married women.
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
Abolitionists and suffragettes. The sisters came from South Carolina plantation. Both sisters became abolitionists, and converted to the Quaker faith. In 1835, Angela wrote an anti-slavery letter to Abolitionist leader William Lloyd Garrison, who published it secretly, in, The Liberator. They were speakers at abolitionist meetings. In 1837, Angelina was invited to be the first woman to speak at the Massachusetts State Legislature. wrote "Letter on the Condition of Women and the Equality of the Sexes" (1837) - objecting to male opposition to their anti-slavery activities.
An organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902) A suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
She was an American Quaker minister, abolitionist, social reformer and proponent of women's rights. She is credited as the first American "feminist" in the early 1800s but was, more accurately, the initiator of women's political advocacy.
Seneca Falls Convention
(took place in upstate New York in 1848 ) Women of all ages and even some men went to discuss the rights and conditions of women. There, they wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, which among other things, tried to get women the right to vote.
American abolitionist and feminist. Born into slavery, she escaped in 1827 and became a leading preacher against slavery and for the rights of women., United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883) (Ain't I A Women Speech)
An industry in which the production of goods and services is based in homes, as opposed to factories.
A skilled artisan who owned a business and employed others, senior guild member.
A person who has learned a particular trade or craft but has not become an employer, or master.
A person who works for another in order to learn the trade.
A work stoppage in order to force an employer to respond to demands of the workers.
National Trader's Union
An organization of laborers that strove for better working conditions in the mills and factories.
Appeal of revivalism
Revivalism had a strong impact on the public because in 1800 only 1 in 15 Americans belonged to a church. However, in 1850, 1 in 6 Americans were a member of the church.
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