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This set comes from the Nutrition Review document on Moodle.


the science that relates the health and well-being of people with the food they eat

fuel for energy, proper growth, maintenance, and functioning

4 reasons why your body needs nutrients

grains, dairy, meat/nuts, fruits, fats, and vegetables

6 basic food groups

carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water

6 nutrients

carbohydrates, fats, and proteins

3 energy nutrients


carbohydrates form of energy

sugars, starches, and fibers

3 types of carbohydrates


type of carbohydrate that should that should be the body's main energy source


percentage of caloric intake that should come from carbohydrates


make up every cell in the body and do the cell's work; without it, fatigue and fewer antibodies can result


maximum percentage of calories that should come from protein


ideal percentage of calories that should come from protein


used as a source of energy, help to dissolve and store certain bodies, manufacture blood clots, manufacture hormones, and cushion the body and internal organs

saturated and unsaturated

2 main types of fat

saturated fat

solid at room temperature and known to increase cholesterol/risk of heart disease; found in baked goods and animal sources (meat and dairy)

unsaturated fat

good fat; found in olive oil, peanut oil, avocado, soy beans, margarine, and sunflower oil


high density cholesterol; good cholesterol


reduces blood flow to heart by sticking to blood vessel walls and forming plaque; increases risk of heart disease


percentage of body weight that water makes up


no nutritional value but most important component in diet


brings nutrients to cells and waste to kidneys, is needed for chemical reactions in digestion, helps control body temperature, helps conduct heat efficiently and cools the body through sweat evaporating, and cushions the body and vital organs

Vitamin B, Vitamin C, and Folic Acid

3 water-soluble vitamins

water soluble vitamins

dissolve in water and can be excreted from the body

Vitamins A, D, E, and K

4 fat-soluble vitamins

fat soluble vitamins

stay in the body


essential to sustain life


transports oxygen and makes use of it

iron deficiency

affects half of all people, especially children, teens, and women, and can lead to anemia (fatigue and weakness/bruising easily)


keeps bones and teeth hard and strong, and performs vital body functions, helping with muscle and heart contractions


calcium deficiency; occurs more often in women than men; causes bones to become brittle


ages most important for calcium consumption

congestive heart failure

disease linked to excessive salt intake


calories of fat in 1 g


calories of protein in 1 g


calories of carbohydrates in 1 g


grams to calories


calories to grams


a measure of energy found in food and the amount of energy your body needs

Eat a variety of foods, balance your diet with moderate physical activity, eat a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain products, choose a diet moderate in sugar and salt intake, and drink plenty of water.

recommendations/dietary guidelines

Eat regularly and don't skip meals, eat appropriate portion size, avoid concentration sweets, eat several small meals a day if possible, maintain a regular exercise program, and set reasonable, healthy goals.

healthy eating habits

yo-yo dieting

losing lots of weight and then gaining it all back quickly, then repeating the cycle

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