two monosaccharides together
disaccharide consisting of 1 molecule glucose and 1 molecule fructose
glucose and fructose
Sucrose is made of what?
disaccharide consisting of 1 molecule glucose and 1 molecule galactose (milk sugar)
disaccharide consisting of 2 molecules of glucose (bread, pasta, beer)
large chains of monosaccharides
linear or straight chain of sugars or have small branches.
multiple or long branches
large polysaccharides of glucose
(animal starch) stored in liver and muscle
plant structural polysaccharides that cannot be digested in humans although bacteria in the intestine can add in its digestions (wood, celery, lettuce)
glycolipids, glycoproteins, proteoglycans
fat with sugar added (cell membranes)
protein with sugar added (cell membranes)
amino acids or sugar added to protein (cell membranes)
ratio of carbon to hydrogen is usually 1:2. but lipids contain very little oxygen
generally water insoluble but are carried by special proteins in the blood
in general women (18-24%) contain more then men (12-18%)
gram to gram, generate about twice as much energy as carbohydrates when catabolized
consist of carboxylic acid group (COOH) and a fatty acid tail
saturated fatty acids
each carbon atom of the tail has 4 single bonds (has 2 H attached)
unsaturated fatty acids
some carbon atoms of the tail has double bonds (has 1 H attached)
polyunsaturated fatty acids
have many carbon atoms with double bonds
lipids consisting of 1 molecule of glycerol and attached fatty acids
glycerol and contain 1 fatty acid
glycerol and contain 2 fatty acids
glycerol and contain 3 fatty acids (fats and oils)
are fatty acids containing a head of diglyceride and phosphated group (PO₄)
fatty acids with a head containing carbohydrates
are molecules (phospholipids and glycolipids)
heads of these molecules (phospholipids and glycolipids)
lipid tails (phospholipids and glycolipids)
phospholipids and glycolipids
are present in cell membranes
together, cholesterol, phospholipids and glycolipids are referred as...
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