Articles of Confederation Vocab

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Terms in this set (36)
FederalismSharing power between federal and state governmentsArticlea section of the constitutionEnlightenmentA movement in the 1700s promoting knowledge, reson, and science in order to improve societylegslativeThe lawmaking branch of governmentFederalistPeople who supported the constitutionRatifyTo approve ofExecutive branchCarries out the laws (president)Electoral CollegeA group of people who formally elect the president and vice presidentAmendmentA change to the ConstitutionAntifederalistPeople who believed that the constitution would take away the liberties won from the warChecks and balancesA system where the three branches of government have unique roles that check/limit others, ensuring equal powerOrdinancea law or regulationJudicial branchCan interpret actions or laws if they are suitable for the constitution.separation of powersThe way the US government divides its power into three different branchesjudcial reviewThe power to say whether a state, federal, local law, or government action goes against the constitutionPrecedentA traditionLimited governmentA system where people are the ultimate source of governmental powerIndividual rightsBasic liberties and rights guaranteed to citizens by the Bill of RightsRule of lawNo people of groups are above the lawsupermacy clauselaws and treaties are supremeNecessary and proper clause (elastic clause)A clause which gives Congress the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out power expressed in other clauses.Concurrent powersPowers shared by state and federal governments (enforce laws, establish courts, collect taxes, borrow money, provide for general welfare)Reserved powersPowers given to the state government alone (prude for public safety, health, and welfare within the state; regulate trade and commerce within the state; establish local gov; conduct elections, determine qualifications of voters; establish public school system)Enumerated powerspowers that belong only to the federal governmentExpressed powerspowers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitutionPopular sovereigntyIf the people should decide themselves whether their territories would enter the union as free or slave states.