17 terms

Ancient Greece Vocabulary

1. Mediterranean Sea
- An inland sea that borders Europe, Southwest Asia, and Africa. (p. 274)
2. Peninsula
- A body of land surrounded by water on three sides. (p. 274)
3. Plain
- A large flat area of land that usually does not have many trees (p. 275)
4. City-State
- A central city and its surrounding villages, which together follow the same law, have one form of government and share language, religious beliefs, and ways of life (p. 279)
5. Polis
- The central city of a city-state. (p. 279)
6. Oligarchy
- (AHL ih GAHR kee) A government in which a few powerful individuals rule (p. 280)
7. Philosopher
- A person who studies and thinks about why the world is the way it is. (p. 281)
8. Acropolis
- A large hill in Ancient Greek cities used for shelter in time of war and as a meeting place to discuss current events
9. Agora
- central area in Greek cities used as a marketplace and meeting place
10. Citizen
- A legal member of a country (p. 20)
11. Monarchy
- Country ruled by a king or queen
12. Democracy
- A government that receives its power from the people. (p. 91)
13. Colony
- A territory that is under the control of another country
14. Assembly
- A lawmaking body of a country made up of citizens
15. Socratic Method
- A questioning technique where one question is answered by another question to discover the "truth"
16. Persian Wars
- A war between Greece and Persia; overall, Greece won
17. Peloponnesian War
- A "civil war" in Ancient Greece between Sparta and Athens; Sparta won