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A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes
Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-selected Senate, with two members for each state
An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
Charles A. Beard
A historian who argued that the Founders were largely motivated by the economic advantage of their class in writing the Constitution
A principal architect of the Constitution who felt that a government powerful enough to encourage virtue in its citizens was too powerful
A state constitution with clear separation of powers but considered to have produced too weak a government
A governing document considered to be highly democratic yet with a tendency toward tyranny as the result of concentrating all powers in one set of hands
Rights of all human beings that are ordained by God, discoverable in nature and history, and essential to human progress
Individual who refused to attend the Constitutional Convention because he "smelled a rat"
A form of democracy in which leaders and representatives are selected by means of popular competitive elections
Checks and Balances
The power of legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government to block some acts by the other two branches
Rights thought to be based on nature and providence rather than on the preferences of people
A group of people sharing a common interest who seek to influence public policy for their collective benefit
The power of the courts to declare acts of the legislature and of the executive unconstitutional and therefore null and void
A series of eighty-five essays published in New York newspapers to convince New Yorkers to adopt the newly proposed Constitution
Supporters of a stronger central government who advocated ratification of the Constitution and then founded a political party
The power of an executive to veto some provisions in an appropriations bill while approving others
Those who opposed giving as much power to the national government as the Constitution did, favoring instead stronger states' rights
Madisonian view of human nature
A philosophy holding that accommodating individual self-interest provided a more practical solution to the problem of government than aiming to cultivate virtue
An agreement among sovereign states that delegates certain powers to a national government
Writ of habeas corpus
A court order requiring police officials to produce an individual held in custody and show sufficient cause for that person's detention
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