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67 terms

History of Civilization - Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
Old Babylonian
Hittites
Assyrian
New Babylonian
Persian
Ancient Middle Eastern Empires
History
The record based on surviving evidence of what man has done with the time God has providentialy given him.
Nation
A large group of people who think of themselves as one and act in history as a single entity.
Race
The way the human race can be divided up into large groups.
Capital punishment
death sentence
Post-diluvian civilization
post-flood civilization
Fertile Crescent
part of ancient western Asia
Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria
6 modern-day countries in the fertile crescent
Mesopotamia
means between the rivers; modern-day country of Iraq
Shinar
Also known as Sumer; site of the first post-diluvian civilization
Agriculture
mastered by the people of Shinar
wheel, plow, and other things
inveted in Shinar
the art of writing
given to us by the people of Shinar
Pictogram, Ideogram, and Phonogram
3 Stages of writing
pictograms
Symbols representing particular objects
idiograms
Symbols of things that cannot be pictured
phonograms
Symbols representing word sounds, not just objects
Sir Henry Rawlinson
interpreted Cuneiform
2300 - civilization began
2200 - Old Akkadian Period
2100 - Third dynasty of Ur (golden age of Ur)
2000 - Destroyed by the Amorites and Elamites
the stages of Sumerian Civilization
Ur-Nammu
started the Golden Age of Ur
the arch
developed this architectural structure
Astrology
studied this subject
60
number used a lot by the Assyrians
Nobles, Commoners, Clients, and Slaves
4 classes of Assyrian civilization
Lugal
Head of government
Monotheism
Sumerian's original religious system
An
God that the Samarian's worshiped
Epic of Gilgamesh
Oldest work of literature outside of the Bible
Hammurabi
founded new Babylon
the code of laws
Hammurabi wrote this
Enuma Elish
composed during Hammurabi's reign
Marduke
Hammurabi worshiped him
Hittites
destroyed babylon
Iron
metal that the Hittites used
Uriah the Hittite
famous Hittite in the Bible
Assyrians
destroyed the Hittites
steel
metal that the Assyrians used
Tiglathpileser
founded the Assyrian empire
Tiglathpileser III
made the Assyrian empire prosper
Ninevah
Capitol city of Assyria
Shalmaneser V and Sargon II
Kings responsible for defeating the Northern and Southern Kingdoms
721 BC
Northern kingdom fell
586 BC
Southern kingdom fell
Sennacherib
unsuccessfuly tried to defeat Judah
Ashurbanipal
built the world's first great library
Nabopolassar
led the Neo-Babylonian Empire
Nebuchadnezzar
Nabopolassar's son
Persian Empire
Cyrus the Great founded this empire
Darius I
developed the postal system and roads
Zoroastrianism
the religion of the royals of Persia
Israel, Canaan, and Palestine
3 common names for the Holy Land
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
3 religions in the Holy Land
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the 12 sons of Jacob
the founding fathers of Israel
Moses
One of the greatest men in history
Mohammed
founded Islam
Koran
holy book of Islam
Hegira
Year one in the Muslim Calendar
July 16, AD 622
Hegira
Ramadan
Holy Month in which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset
The Creed, Prayer, Pilgrimage, Fasting, and Tithing
the pillars of Islam
Allah
god of Islam
4000 BC
Fall of Mankind
2300 BC
Flood
AD 500
Fall of Roman Empire
AD 1500
Renaissance/Reformation
2000 BC
Abraham is called out of Ur/ Epic of Gilgamesh is written/ Sumer is conquered by Amorites and Elamites
1500 BC
Invention of the Sinai Script/ Exodus/ Ten Commandments