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46 terms

Music app_

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plainchant
a single monophonic line w/o any apparent ruthm, meter, tempo. official music of middle age church.
sequence
a type of plainchant, text w/identical melodic treatment
form
the "shape" of a music
troubadour
an educated court poet
madrigal
an italian invention of the renaissance. 1 stanza poem set to music
declamation
a technical device whereby the composer attemts to match the ruthm of the spoken word to rhythm of sung word
word painting
aesthetic device where composer attempts to match the emotion of what is being sung to feeling of music
instrumental music
only instruments (no voices) accompagniment to dance
dance
pavan & galliard
pavane
slow solemn dance in duple meter
galliard
faster livelier dance in triple meter
jig
drunken sailor's dance
organum
1st example of polyphony, around yr 900. 2 lines usually going parallel motion
Notre Dame Organum
2lines on top running in fast motion. 3rd line paraphrased; stretched & elongated
Paraphrase
stretched & elongated
syllabic
one syllable per note
melismatic
more than one syllable per note
motet
religious poetry
hocket
hickup, machine gun line
mass
largest & most important service in catholic church
Ars Nova
new art (1300)
Ars Antigua
old art (1200)
rhythm
smallest element of time in music, parameter that constantly changes
meter
organization of musical pulse into strong & weak beats in multiple of 2 or 3
tempo
how fast or slow that meter unfolds
homophonic
like or same sound
monophonic
one melody sung in unison. [no instruments]
polyphonic
2 or more of the same sound
pitch
single solitary sound; one tone
frequency
an exact science, mathematic of a pitch
dynamics
how loud & soft. volume
amplitude
decimals of the sound
interval
the difference in pitch between two notes
tone color
quality or charater of sound as its passed through dif types of instruments
syncopation
accent the unaccented beat, displacing the accented beat (jazz)
diatonic scale
used to rearrange music & make tune
chromatic scale
12 pitches. all equal distance from each other
consonance
pleasing & at risk
disconsonance
displeasing, annoying, out of place
modulation
change one key to another
symphony orchestra
largest musical ensemble. (string, woodwind, brass, percussion)
pope gregory I
(500) 1st compiler of all known plainchant (Gregorian chant)
middle ages
(500-1500) musical history
divine office
any service that happens in any given day
strophic
any song where music is the same for each verse
renaissance
(1450-1600) rebirth of education & art. holy roman empire ruling the world