Policy, Practice, and Models of Analysis

Define democracy
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 60
Terms in this set (60)
What term defines these positions:

-View government as a tool for social change
-Typically believe that government is necessary to protect individuals from being harmed by others, but also recognize that government itself can pose a threat to liberty
-Favor a regulated economy
-Willingness to embrace/ accept broad social change
-Defense of civil rights and social equality
What term defines these positions:

-Personal liberty
-Minimal government intervention in the economy
-Belief that private economy can heal social ills
-Social conservatives favor government regulation of personal and familial decisions in areas such as reproductive rights and marriage
-Fiscal conservatives seek to limit government spending
Define federal governmentA system of dividing up power between a central national government and local state governments that are connected to one another by the national government.If the US citizens elect representatives to govern us and we do that electing via voting, contacting representatives, displaying sign (or participate) said representatives what term does this example represent?A democratic republicThe U.S. capitol is an example of which branch?Legislative BranchThe White House is an example of which branch?Executive BranchThe Supreme court is an example of which branch?Judicial BranchCongress consists of 2 chambers or a senate and a house of representatives also known by the term what?Bicameral legislatureDefine legislativehaving the power to make lawsDefine executivehaving the power to put plans, actions, or laws into effectAt the county level, government typically exists as 2 branches. What branches are these and give examples for each.Legislative and executive. An example of county level at the legislative level would be county commission and city council. An example a the executive level would be a mayor or city manager.Does the federal government have have authority over state governments?Only in matters that pertain to constitutional violationsHow might the federal government influence social policythrough the offering of categorical and block grants to the states (grants-in-aid); this may require states to meet certain requirements in order to receive the federal moniesDefine categorical grantfederal regulations are very specificMedicaid, Head Start, SNAP are all examples of?A categorical grantDefine block grantLarge chunks of money are given to local governments by the federal government with few strings attachedTANF is an example of?A block grantDevolution (L)/ Decentralization (C)when block grants or other methods are used to transfer responsibility for social programs from the federal to the state level of governmentA branch is lower than a level. True or False?False. A branch consist of either the legislative, executive, or judicial branch and the other levels (federal, state, and local) are classified under eachDefine legislative branchpasses the lawsDefine judicial branchissues opinions that interpret laws and creates a body of case law in the process of resolving disputesDefine executive branchissues regulations and executive orders that determine how laws will be implemented, including social policyIf the legislative is comprised of the state and house of representatives, the state consists of?-100 members, 2 from each state -6-year terms -Staggered over even years so that only about 1/3 of its members is up for election in a given cycleIf the legislative is comprised of the state and house of representatives, the house of representatives consists of?-435 members, proportionate to population size -2-year terms -Even years (2018 midterms; 2020 gen. election)In legislation, everything begins as a bill or a?ResolutionDefine resolutionDoes not become law, but is either an expression of the opinion of Congress or an administrative act governing the operation of CongressGive an example of one resolution congress has been able to enactAbility to censureDefine censureThe expression of deep formal disapproval. It's a more severe formal rebuke than reprimanding, but doesn't go as far as expelling the lawmaker from the House.In legislation, any house member may introduce a bill during session as well as have what?Any number of cosponsors. The house member will then be assigned a number by the clerk.After introducing a bill, the house member will then be assigned a number by the clerk. After that what occurs?Speaker of the House refers to committee and this could be a potential way to stall a bill's progress. Once a bill is in the committee, a period for public commentary occurs. After public hearing, a "mark-up" session occurs. Then the bill can be reported or be tabled.Define reporteda report that describes the bill and reasons for its approvalDefine tabledthe bill "died in committee"If an already in progress report of a bill requires extensive changes, what is an option?May be reported as a new bill/clean billIf a proposed bill has been reported and not tabled and has possibly gone through the new bill/clean bill process because of requiring extensive changes... what occurs after this process?After passing originating chamber, goes to the other chamber. The bill must pass both chambers in the exact same form before being presented to the president.Once a bill has finally reached the president, what can happen/occur?Can either sign the bill into law; veto the bill, returning it to Congress (the veto can be overridden by a 2/3 vote); let it become law without signature; or pocket veto the billDefine pocket vetoan indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative sessionWhen it relates to the legislative and executive branches, what term is said to reveal the countries prioritiesBudgetThe president's budget is only a what?proposal and is subject to congressional approvalDefine fiscal yearFederal budget year and runs through Oct. 1 of each year through Sept. 30 of the nextPresident is required by law to submit a proposed federal budget for what?the next fiscal year to Congress by the first Monday in FebruaryDefine discretionary spendinga matter of choice; represents about 1/3 of all federal spendingDefine appropriated spendingmoney set aside for a specific and particular purpose or purposesNational defense, education, training, science, technology, housing, transportation, and foreign aid are all examples of?Appropriated spendingDefine mandatory spendingauthorized by permanent law; represents about 2/3 of federal spendingDefine entitlement spendingStarting with largest expenditure and going in descending order: Social Security, SNAP, TANF, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Child Nutrition, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), veterans' pensions, Medicare, and MedicaidThe executive branch is comprised of?-Headed by Chief executive, POTUS -Organized into 15 departmentsWhen it relates to the executive branch, although social workers are most familiar with the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), most cabinet-level departments provide some kind of health or social service. Give examples of these.-Dept. of Agriculture oversees SNAP -Dept. of Commerce houses the Census Bureau -Dept. of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) addresses issues related to community planning and development, fair housing, and social policy issues that affect residents of public housingThe judicial branch is comprised of?-2 judicial systems in the U.S. -State and local courts established by state laws -Federal court system by Congress under the Constitution (Under U.S. Constitution, only SCOTUS is indispensible)The current federal system includesSCOTUS, 13 U.S courts of appeals (12 state, 1 federal), and 94 U.S. district courts and specialized courtsU.S. courts of appeals serve 12 regions or circuits. Who is considered to be the 11th circuit court?AL, GA, and FLWhen discussing SCOTUS is important to know as with all federal judge appointments, the 9 justices of SCOTUS are appointed by the president with advice and consent of the Senate. Officers of the Supreme Court are called what?Justices; officers of all other courts are called judgesSCOTUS justices and most federal judges are appointed for life, but can be forcibly removed through?"impeachment for, and conviction of Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors"