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37 terms

English Comp. I

Test one
STUDY
PLAY
Rituals
Repeated patterns of behavior that provides structure, security and sense of progress
Getting Started
Start quickly, write easy parts first, keep moving, quit when you know what comes next.
Rhetoric
Practicing the most effective means or strategies for informing or persuading an audience.
5 components of writing
purpose, subject, thesis(focus), writer, audience
4 collecting strategies
journal, freewriting, listing, clustering
7 common purposes for writing
express feelings, learning, informing, explaining, persuading, exploring, entertaining
4 stages of writing process
invention, arrangement, drafting, revising
3 guidelines for choosing a subject
interesting to you, knowlegable about, restricted (not too broad)
Freewriting
writing nonstop for a specific period of time. Keep writing even if you repeat word or phrase until new thought comes to mind.
Journal
notebook where you write down thoughts, ideas, images etc. on a regular basis.
audience
Individual- instructor, class mates,coworkers Specialized- medical drs, economists etc...
2 types of organizational patterns
Time
Emphatic
Scratch outline
simple outline, write down exact points and order
2 types of revision
Global, Local
3 characteristics of effective thesis statements
clearly expresses your essays main idea
communicates purpose
clearly worded
8 ways to begin an introduction
background information, definition of relevant term or concept, anecdote or story, quotation, question,contradiction, fact or statistic
What not to do in an introduction
dont apologize, in my opinion, dictionary terms, don't announce, don't wander
What's in a name essay
civil rights movement- 64 prohibited discrimination, 65 voting rights, 68- housing, real estate
Expressive writing
convey personal feelings, used in diaries, personal emails, journals, descriptive essays, narratives
persuasive writing
convince readers to think or act in a certain way. editorials, argumentive essays, research papers etc
audience
particular group in mind. instructor or class mates, coworkers.
Advice for revising an essay
cooling off period, revise on paper (hard copy), read aloud, get feedback from peers, don't get overwhelmed, don't let ego get in way, revise in stages-large elements
4 ways to conclude an essay
review key points or restate thesis, recommendation of a problem or recommedation, prediction, relevant quotation
paragraph unity
when each sentence relates directly to main idea of the paragraph
paragraph coherence
smoothly and logically connected to one another strengthened 3 ways.
repeat key words, pronouns refer to key nouns in previous sentences, transitions-words or expressions show chronological sequence, cause and effect etc....
Well developed paragraph
unified, coherent, organized according to a specific pattern of development. Each paragraph supports thesis statement.
Fragment
incomplete sentence, missing subject, verb or both.
comma splice
error that occurs when 2 independent clauses are connected with just a comma.
Fused sentence
2 independent clauses that are connected without any punctuation.
Dash
occasionally used to set off and emphasize information with in a sentence. Used in moderation in college
colon
introduce lists, examples, and clarifications. should only be preceeded by a complete sentence. used in moderation in college.
Myth 1 Good writers are born not made, writing courses don't help
Fact:Writers acquire their skills the same way atheletes do, through practice and hard work.
Myth 2 Writing courses are just a review of boring grammar and punctuation
Fact: Learning and communicating come first in writing courses.
Myth 3: Writing courses are not important in college or in the real world.
Fact: they have a siginificant effect on success in college, on the job and in real life.
Active reading
Overview of content, skim work to get general sense of writers ideas, subject, main point, purpose, audience, assumption about audience, biases, themes, etc...
Highlight
important ideas, key terms, related points
Annotate
Carry on a conversation in text in marginal notes. Ask questions, parallels, define terms, concepts.