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Things to study for the Music Appreciation midterm in Chapter 1.


Relative highness or lowness of a sound


Degrees of loudness or softness in music


Quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another

Coloratura Soprano

Very high range

Lyric Soprano

Rather light voice

Dramatic Soprano

Full, powerful voice

Lyric Tenor

Relatively light, bright voice

Dramatic Tenor

Powerful voice; is capable of heroic expression

Basso Buffo

Takes comic roles

Basso Profundo

Very low range

Percussion Instruments of Orchestra

Timpanis, cymbals, bass drum, and snare drum

Woodwind Instruments of Orchestra

Flutes, piccolos, oboes, clarinets, and bassoons

String Instruments of Orchestra

Violins, violas, cellos, Double basses, harp

Brass Instruments of Orchestra

French horns, trumpets, trombones, tuba


The flow of music through time


Regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time


Organization of beats into groups


A group containing a fixed number of beats


Speed of the beat


Series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole


How chords are constructed and how they follow each other


Combination of three or more tones sounded at once

Monophonic Texture

Single melodic line without accompaniment

Polyphonic Texture

Performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time

Homophonic Texture

Term describing music in which one main melody is accompanied by chords

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