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25 terms

Music Appreciation Midterm - Chapter 1

Things to study for the Music Appreciation midterm in Chapter 1.
STUDY
PLAY
Pitch
Relative highness or lowness of a sound
Dynamics
Degrees of loudness or softness in music
Timbre
Quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another
Coloratura Soprano
Very high range
Lyric Soprano
Rather light voice
Dramatic Soprano
Full, powerful voice
Lyric Tenor
Relatively light, bright voice
Dramatic Tenor
Powerful voice; is capable of heroic expression
Basso Buffo
Takes comic roles
Basso Profundo
Very low range
Percussion Instruments of Orchestra
Timpanis, cymbals, bass drum, and snare drum
Woodwind Instruments of Orchestra
Flutes, piccolos, oboes, clarinets, and bassoons
String Instruments of Orchestra
Violins, violas, cellos, Double basses, harp
Brass Instruments of Orchestra
French horns, trumpets, trombones, tuba
Rhythm
The flow of music through time
Beat
Regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
Meter
Organization of beats into groups
Measure
A group containing a fixed number of beats
Tempo
Speed of the beat
Melody
Series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole
Harmony
How chords are constructed and how they follow each other
Chord
Combination of three or more tones sounded at once
Monophonic Texture
Single melodic line without accompaniment
Polyphonic Texture
Performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time
Homophonic Texture
Term describing music in which one main melody is accompanied by chords