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English Vocabulary - Unit 10

English vocabulary unit 10 words and definitions, synonyms, antonyms, fill in the blanks
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fortuitous
(adj.) accidental, happening by chance
covert
(adj.) hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered, secluded; (n.) a sheltered place, a hiding place
bedlam
(n.) a state or scene of uproar and confusion
debonair
(adj.) pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished (in manners and appearance)
annotation
(n.) a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
gist
(n.) the essential part, main point, or essence
efficacious
(adj.) effective, producing results
accrue
(v.) to grow or accumulate in the course of time; to happen as a natural result
dun
(v.) to demand insistently, especially payment of a debt; (n.) a creditor; (adj.) dark, dull, drab, dingy, blackish
equanimity
(n.) calmness, composure, refusal to panic
antediluvian
(adj.) relating to or typical of ancient times; antiquated
provocative
(adj.) tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire or appetite; irritating, annoying; (n.) something that provokes or stimulates
sedentary
(adj.) characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place
imperious
(adj.) overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate; pressing, compelling
gratuitous
(adj.) freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarranted
procrastinate
(v.) to delay, put off until later
recondite
(adj.) exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding, profound, abstruse
munificent
(adj.) extremely generous, lavish
inimical
(adj.) unfriendly, hostile; harmful, unfavorable
motley
(adj.) showing great diversity or variety; composed of different elements or many colors; (n.) a multicolored woolen fabric; a jester's costume; a jester, a mixture of odd elements
invective
(n.) a strong denunciation or condemnation; abusive language; (adj.) abusive, vituperative
reprobate
(n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel; (adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled; (v.) to disapprove of, condemn
annotations
Next day, the instructor returned my theme with a number of comments, queries, and other ________ penciled in the margin.
sedentary
Daily exercise is recommended particularly for people whose occupations are for the most part _________.
motley
The revolutionary forces were a(n) ___________ group, made up of people of all ages, backgrounds, and political sympathies.
inimical
The basic theory of the United States Constitution is that concentration of power in any one branch of the government is _________ to freedom.
covert
Although she said nothing to indicate her true feelings, the expression on her face gave away her _______ sympathy for the young culprits.
provocative
syn: stimulating, arousing; vexing, galling; a stimulus, incentive
reprobate
syn: immoral, corrupt; a scoundrel, blackguard
invective
syn: abuse; vituperation, a diatribe, philippic
equanimity
syn: composure, tranquility, imperturbability
imperious
syn: domineering, overbearing, magisterial; urgent, imperative
accrue
ant: to dwindle, decrease, diminish, lessen
gratuitous
ant: justified, warrant
bedlam
ant: peace and quiet, order, tranquility
imperious
ant: fawning, obsequious; humble, unassuming
antediluvian
ant: modern, up-to-date, state-of-the-art