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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Minoans
  2. Mahabharata
  3. Dharma
  4. Gupta Empire
  5. Mauryan Empire
  1. a the island of Crete, replaced by Mycenaeans (almost always at war, finally fell to invaders from the North), after their fall, the Aegean Sea area fell into the Dark Age until Greek cities emerged as urban centers in 800 B.C.E., isolated until that date, ended with the Phoenicians when they visited Aegean Sea, mountainous, no good, fertile land for agriculture in broad river valleys, natural harbors, navigable bays, calm waters - sea = ever-present
  2. b Epic poem, 90,000 stanzas, longest poem in the world, depicts a great war between two royal houses, most famous section = Bhagavad-Gita
  3. c Covered much of the Indian Subcontinent The peace and prosperity created under leadership of Guptas enabled the pursuit of scientific and artistic endeavors, this period is called the Golden Age of India, marked by extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy, created what is generally known as Hindu culture
  4. d geographically extensive historical power in ancient India, eastern side of the Indian subcontinent, founded by Chandragupta Maurya, taking advantage of the disruptions of local powers in the wake of the withdrawal westward by Alexander the Great's Greek and Persian armies, by 320 BC the empire had fully occupied Northwestern India, defeating and conquering the satraps left by Alexander, one of the world's largest empires in its time, the largest ever in the Indian subcontinent, but not the Golden Age of India, Ashoka
  5. e refers to one's personal obligations, calling and duties, affected by the person's age, caste, class, occupation, and gender

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a general label for hundreds of ethnic groups in Africa, speakers of ethnic African languages, the family is fragmented into hundreds of individual groups, none of them larger than a few million people, the largest being the Zulu with some 10 million, language Swahili with its merely 5-10 million native speakers
  2. built originally to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire against intrusions by various nomadic groups, several walls have been built since the 5th century BC that are referred to collectively,rebuilt and maintained from the 5th century BC through the 16th century, one of the most famous is the wall built between 220-206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, little of that wall remains; the majority of the existing wall was built during the Ming Dynasty
  3. sanskrit word meaning "color", what they called their caste system, four major ones
  4. dates back to the Aryan invasion, highest level were priests (Brahmins), then warriors and political leaders (Kshatriyas), commoners were below (Vaishyas) or farmers and artisans, servants, serfs, and lower class workers were shudras, and then came the untouchables who worked with human waste and burial of dead
  5. People are innately immoral, always need harsh punishments as a way to control them, felt that government had to do everything and make all of these decisions, did not think normal people had the ability to control their own lives and make their own decisions, basically thought people were stupid

5 True/False questions

  1. Four Noble TruthsFour truths about humans - you have to understand them to reach Nirvana, set forth by Siddhartha Gautama 1. Suffering does exist
    2. Suffering arises from a strong attachment to desire
    3. Suffering ceases when attachment to desire ceases
    4. Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing the eightfold path


  2. Karmasanskrit word meaning "color", what they called their caste system, four major ones


  3. Boddhisattvarefers to one's personal obligations, calling and duties, affected by the person's age, caste, class, occupation, and gender


  4. MokshaNomadic people located above China, Frequently invaded, empire faded after Attila the Hun died in 453, archery while mounted on horses


  5. AshokaEmperor in the Maurya Empire, number of military conquests, great love for Buddhism, had monks record everything about Buddhism and write them on scrolls, wanted people to love and trust him, dynasty from Chandragupta Maurya