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Environmental Science Midterm
Terms in this set (70)
a way of life that involves wanting and spending less
What is the most important environmental problem, one that links all others?
The world bank estimates that _____ people (almost half the world's total) are living in extreme poverty.
What is the current human population? 2011
What was the population in 1999?
United Nations demographers have noticed a decrease in fertility rate world wide to a current average of about how many children per family?
Highly developed countries represent about ___% of the world's population and they consume more than ___ of the world's resources.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a highly developed country?
Which of the following is an example of a less developed country?
Which of the following is NOT a nonrenewable resource?
The current global ecological footprint of each person is about ___ acres
In the United States the ecological footprint is ____ acres
adequate health care
Which of the following is NOT one of the four basic requirements of life?
About ___% of the world's population lives in less developed countries.
According to the United Nation Food and Agricultural Organization, how many countries are considered low income and food deficient?
Frequently girls are not fed as well as their brothers, and they receive less medical attention. A study in Bangladesh showed that even under 5 years old, boys received ____ % more food than girls
south asia, sub-sahara africa
What two regions of the world have the greatest food insecurity?
population growth, environmental degredation
Improving the status of women will have an impact on ____ and ______
____ girls is one of the most effective ways of giving them a degree of self-sufficiency, providing them with the skills to obtain a good job.
What do the poorest countries in the world burn for their main energy source?
During the 1700's and early 1800's, most Americans had a ______ which is a desire to conquer and exploit nature as quickly as possible
Congress established the first national park _______, in ___ after a party of Montana explorers reported on the natural beauty of the canyon and falls of the river there.
Today there are ___ national parks and ___ national monuments under the management of the Nation Park Service
1970, Earth Day
There was no generally perceived environmental movement until ____, when Gaylord Nelson urged Harvard grad student Denis Hayes to organize the first nationally celebrated _____
exception made for tall smokestacks (explain what clean air act is)
How did many coal burning power plants "get around" the Clean Air Act?
John James Audubon
painted life-like portraits of birds and animals in their natural surroundings
an understanding of our place in the world based on human superiority and dominance over nature
authorized the president to set aside places as national monument sites
general revisions act
gave the president the authority to establish forest reserves on public land
former senator of Wisconsin, persuaded a student to organize the first earth day in 1970
designates 21 national forests and signed a law that prevented others from doing it
george perkins marsh
wrote the book "Man and Nature", their observations of environmental damage
founder of the Sierra club, a national conservation organization
wildlife biologist who wrote "Game Management" and "A Sand County Almanac"
national environmental policies act
the cornerstone of U.S. environmental law
published the "population bomb" about the overpopulation crisis
established the Civilian Conservation Corps which employed people to do conservation projects
clean air act
requires that coal burning power plants outfit their smokestacks with scrubbers
Henry david thoreau
observed nature and wrote about how to live in harmony with nature and lived on waldon pond for 2 years
the first head of the United States Forestry Service
wrote "Silent Spring", a book about the dangers of pesticides
wrote "Wilderness Essay" which helped create support for the passge of the Wilderness Act of 1964
organized the first earth day in 1970
deep ecology worldview
an understanding of our place in the world based on harmony with nature
Despite their vast contributions to humanity, women continue to suffer from _____ in much of the world
Frequently girls are not fed as well as their brothers, and they receive less ____ attention.
Women who have been well nourished and ______ and who have access to a wage earning job have a choice about what to do with their lives.
people in _____ countries consume a disproportionate share of natural resources
The united states has ___% of the worlds population but uses ___% of the worlds resources.
at current pumping rates, the worlds oil supply will last another ___ years
the average american produces ____ pounds of air pollution in a lifetime
in a lifetime, the average american is responsible for ____ pounds of waste
black lung disease
respiratory condition caused by inhaling coal dust
an energy technology that involves recycling waste heat so that two useful forms of energy (electricity and either steam or hot water) are produced from the same fuel
underground geological structures that hold oil or natural gas
fuel that is synthesized from coal and other naturally occurring substances and is similar or identical to the chemical composition of oil or natural gas
used in smokestacks to decrease the amount of sulfur released in the air
what percent of the world's automobiles are in the united states?
what percent of the people in the United states drive to and from work alone?
what percent of people in the US carpool?
what percent of people in the US use public transportation
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
5%, fuel supplies
Total oil consumption was cut only ___% in response to the restrictions, but the United States was thrown into a panic when it realized that its ____ were not completely reliable
Federal law reduced the freeway speed limit to ____ as an energy conservation measure
This emergency supply of up to ____ barrels of oil is stored in underground salt caverns
20%, 60%, 8
Although only ___ of the worlds population lived in highly developed countries in 2000, these people used ___% of the commercial energy consumed worldwide. Each person in a highly developed country uses approximately ___ times as much energy as a person in a developing country
What energy source does a substantial portion of developing countries use to their energy needs?
World energy consumption has increased every year since 1982, with most of the increase occurring in developing countries. Most of this increase came from ___ & ____
nonrenewable, depleted by use
fossil fuels are _____ resources, Earths crust has a finite, or limited, supply of them and that supply is ______
burning any fossil fuel releases CO2 into the air
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