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gray matter of the cerebrum that forms the outer layer of the brain and white matter fibers beneath the cortex
part of the white matter fibers which connects the two halves of the cerebral cortex
folds on the surface of the lobes of the cerebral hemispheres that causes it to appear wrinkled
section of the brain that functions as a nervous system passageway between the primitive brain stem and the cerebrum
structure of the diencephalon that acts as a relay station for regulating sensory impulses to the cerebrum
structure of the diencephalon that is the interface between the nervous system and the endocrine system
structure of the diencephalon which is an endocrine gland that regulates hormone regulation throughout the body
set of connective tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, contain a network of blood vessels that supply the nutrients and oxygen to the superficial tissues of the brain and spinal cord
fluid that bathes and protects the brain and spinal cord from the hard surface of the skull
functional barrier separating the capillaries in the brain from the nervous tissue itself
sympathetic receptors that are usually found on blood vessels and produce vasoconstriction
sympathetic receptors that are responsible for increased heart rate and force of contraction
sympathetic receptors that produce bronchodilation when stimulated by the sympathetic nervous system
neurons associated with the parasympathetic nervous system that secrete acetylcholine
a simple two neuron or monosynaptic reflex, only involves the afferent sensory neuron and an efferent motor neuron with only one synapse between them
aka the flexor response, happens when you rapidly flex the joints and withdraw a limb after touching something hot or stepping on something sharp
cross extensor reflex
withdrawal reflex stimulus crosses over to the other side of the spinal cord and stimulates muscles in the other limb
reflex that is absent or less than normal where damage to areas has caused the reflex arcs to leave the spinal cord
reflex that originated from receptors on the cornea and travel via sensory neurons in cranial nerve V to the pons
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