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Anatomy - Heart - Jan 2022
Terms in this set (40)
Name the four main parts of the heart.
The four parts are the heart are the right and left ventricle, right and left atrium
Describe the flow of the blood through the heart.
Superior and inferior vena cava --> R atrium --> tricuspid valve --> R ventricle --> pulmonary valve --> pulmonary artery --> lungs --> pulmonary vein --> L atrium --> mitral valve --> L ventricle --> aortic valve --> aorta
Where does pumping occur?
in the ventricles.
Which valves are the gateway from atrium to ventricle? How many are there? What are their names?
The valves that are the gateway from atrium to ventricle are the tricuspid and mitral valves (AV Valves)
What is the medical name for a heart attack?
What can cause a heart attack?
clogged coronary arteries.
What is called when the heart beats too fast? How fast?
tachycardia --- 100 bpm resting
What is cardiomyopathy?
Cardiomyopathy is a heart disease where the heart muscle becomes dysfunctional causing the heart to fail or work improperly.
What can athletes have?
cardiomyopathy and (enlargement of the heart)
What is the difference between veins, arteries and capillaries?
Veins: (no O2) low pressure - valves - skeletal muscle milk veins
Arteries: highest pressure - thicker
Capillaries: bed fed tissue - microcirculation - O2 to tissue used blood to veins
Name the parts in order of the pulmonary circuit.
SVC/IVC - RA - RV - PUILM ART - LUNG - PULM VEIN - LA
What is an arrhythmia?
An arrhythmia is an electric dysfunction resulting in an irregular heartbeat.
What supplies the heart with blood?
coronary arteries supply the heart with blood.
What is the left side of the heart's circuit called?
The left side is the systemic circuit.
What covers the heart for protection?
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