Fall Semester Exam (Colonization and Revolution)
Terms in this set (34)
The First Great Awakening
Religious movement that swept through the colonies in the early 1700s in reaction to widespread religious dissent.
Age of Reason: movement that began in Europe in the 1700s as people began to examine the natural world, society and government.
The economic system that colonies exist to benefit the mother country. The mother country acquired colonies, taxed them, imported their raw resources and used them as a market for their own finished goods.
Implemented the "work or starve" policy that saved Jamestown until he returned to England. His departure led to the Starving Time.
John Rolfe & Pocahontas
Rolfe brought tobacco to Jamestown and is credited with its success. He married Pocahontas, which brought peace between her tribe and the colonist.
Pilgrim leader at Plymouth who helped found Massachusetts.
Separatist leader who was banned fro Massachusetts for his belief in a separation of church and state and for saying that Native Americans should be paid for their land.
Inventor, writer printer diplomat, scientist and statesman
Puritan who disagreed with the church in Massachusetts about the requirement of church membership for voting; founded Connecticut.
Charles de Montesquieu
French nobleman whose ideas of government and law were influential in the creation of the US Constitution.
17th century philosopher who believed in consent of the governed and individual rights including life, liberty and property. His work influenced T. Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence.
British attorney who wrote about his belief of the fundamental rights of man. His philosophic work greatly influenced several of the founding fathers and the Constitution.
Signed by the Pilgrims at Plymouth in 1620. First attempt at self-government in the colonies through the principles of majority rule.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Written by Connecticut Puritans, this document became the 1st written constitution in America
Virginia House of Burgesses
One of the 2 houses of Virginia's colonial legislature; first representative assembly in the colonies.
African-American patriot who warned the patriots that the British were coming. Became the first African-American elected to public office when he was elected town messenger for the Committee of Safety.
Born a slave, he requested to fight in the Revolution. Soon became a double agent, and shared valuable information with Gen. Washington about the British in Yorktown, giving the Americans the edge in defeating Cornwallis.
Bernardo de Galvez
Gov. of Spanish Louisiana that smuggled supplies to the Patriots. When Spain joined the American cause , he drove the English out of the Gulf of Mexico.
King George III
Became ruler of Great Britain during the French & Indian War. Problems in the colonies only agitated his illness, and he soon went mad.
Virginia attorney who served on the House of Burgesses and later became a primary speaker for the patriot cause; "give me liberty of give me death!"
Mercy Otis Warren
Good friend of Abigail Adams who wrote plays and pamphlets (propaganda) in support of the patriots after her brother was injured by a British soldier.
Wife of John Adams who supported the Daughters of Liberty, defended the Patriot cause while her husband was in Europe, and wrote many letters defending womens' rights.
Patriot leader who defended the Redcoats on trial after the Boston Massacre and helped write the Treaty of Paris 1783.
Former slave who was the first person killed during the Boston Massacre; seen as a martyr for the patriot cause.
Former colonial tax collector who later became the leader of the Sons of Liberty and Massachusetts delegate in the Continental Congress.
Jewish financial broker turned Patriot spy, he was an active member of the Sons of Liberty and raised money to fund the Continental Army.
Marquis de Lafayette
French general who fought for the Patriots and helped secure French supplies and support for the Americans, even donating his own money to the fight for independence.
Primary author of the Declaration of Independence and diplomat to France; helped secure French support after the Patriot victory at Saratoga.
Wrote the pamphlet, Common Sense, to convince colonists to support independence (sold 500,000 copies). In The American Crisis, he inspired the Army to continue fighting.
A wealthy farmer turned military leader. George Washington began his military career during the French and Indian War when he built Fort Necessity in the Ohio River Valley.
Proclamation of 1763
Passed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War forbidding the colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mtns.
Series of acts passed by Great Britain to punish the colonists after the Boston Tea Party; suspended colonial government in Boston and closed the port of Boston to trade.
Tax on printed papers, it was the first direct tax passed by Parliament for the purpose of raising money; later repealed.
Taxation without Representation
Patriot slogan representing the protest against colonial taxation without colonial representation in Parliament.