World War I Vocab

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Nationalism
Loyalty to a nation and promotion of its interests above all others
Militarism
A buildup of military strength within a country
Imperialism
The actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over smaller or weaker nations
Alliance system
Defense agreements among nations
Allied powers
Great Britain, France, Russia and the U.S.
Central powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman (Turkish) empire
U-boats
Underwater boats used by the Germans in the war
Poison gas
Poisonous gas or vapor used in warfare
Trench foot
A painful condition of the feet caused by long immersion in cold water or mud
Trench warfare
A type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other
Propaganda
Ideas or information designed and spread to influence opinion
Lusitania
A British luxury liner sunk by the Germans
Sussex pledge
A promise made by Germany to the U.S. prior to the latter's entry into the war
Autocracy
Government in which one person has unlimited power
Zimmerman telegram
A coded message from Germany to Mexico asking to join in alliance
Reparations
Payment by the losing country in a war to the winner for the damages caused in the war
League of Nations
An association of nations to preserve peace and resolve international disputes proposed in Wilson's Fourteen Points
Fourteen Points
The peace plan to end World War I and restructure the countries of Europe, proposed by Woodrow Wilson
Self-determination
The process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government
David Lloyd George
Great Britain
Georges Clemenceau
France
Woodrow Wilson
United states
Vittorio Orlando
Italy
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
Triple Entente
Great Britain, Russia and France
Selective Service Act
This act required all men in the U.S. between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military service
1917
The year the U.S. entered the war
No man's land
The ground between the front lines or trenches of two opposing armies