done to relieve postspinal headaches, blood is withdrawn from her vein and injected into the epidural space in the area of the subarachnoid puncture, the blood clots and forms a seal that stops spinal fluid leakage
Was the first childbirth method that included the father and emphasizes slow abdominal breathing and relaxation techniques during birth.
Each breathing pattern during childbirth begins with a deep cleansing breath and ends with one. They help the woman to relax and focus on relaxing.
Light, continuous-stroking massage movement applied with fingers and palms in a slow and rhythmic manner.
Lock receptor sites for chemicals that transmit pain messages to the brain
A specific spot to which one's attention is directed
a woman is physically and psychologically prepared through prenatal training; uses controlled breathing and has a partner to facilitate the process of natural childbirth
the amount of pain stimulation a requires before feeling pain
Level of intensity or duration of pain that a person is able or willing to endure
gait control theory
the presence of neural gating mechanisms at the segmental spinal cord level to account for interactions between pain and other sensory modalities. Used by CBU
mixed narcotic reduces pain, is thought to cause less respiratory depression than meperidineshould not be used in woman that are drug addicts.
Naloxone (narcan) (opoid antagonist)
does not have any sort of analgesia or respiratory depression because it's an ANTAGONIST - given for reversal of opioid induced respiratory depression; remember you are reversing analgesia also, so pt will be in pain -commonly given when respirations dip below 10-12/min
The most powerful pain killer available. 50 to 100 times stronger than morphine.Rapid onset and short duration of action
most common means of labor analgesia used in small doses to avoid fetal resp. depression avoided if birth is expected within one hour
firm pressure on lower back, helps with back labor
manual turning of a fetus in the uterus (usually to aid delivery)
artificial rupturing of the fetal membranes
difficult labor and childbirth
excessive amount of amniotic fluid
a roll of hair worn at the nape of the neck
large-bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies
This category of meds are used to stop contractions
Spontaneous Rupture of Membranes
fetal heart rate outside the norm rangeof 100-160?
suggests a prolapsed embilical cord
Ineffective uterine contractions in latent phase; Increase in frequency, May decrease in intensity, Painful, Ineffective in dilating/effacement of cervix, May prolong latent phase of labor.
starts normal then slows and stops
person familiar with childbirth who provides emotional and physical support throughout labor and delivery