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done to relieve postspinal headaches, blood is withdrawn from her vein and injected into the epidural space in the area of the subarachnoid puncture, the blood clots and forms a seal that stops spinal fluid leakage
Was the first childbirth method that included the father and emphasizes slow abdominal breathing and relaxation techniques during birth.
Each breathing pattern during childbirth begins with a deep cleansing breath and ends with one. They help the woman to relax and focus on relaxing.
Light, continuous-stroking massage movement applied with fingers and palms in a slow and rhythmic manner.
a woman is physically and psychologically prepared through prenatal training; uses controlled breathing and has a partner to facilitate the process of natural childbirth
gait control theory
the presence of neural gating mechanisms at the segmental spinal cord level to account for interactions between pain and other sensory modalities. Used by CBU
mixed narcotic reduces pain, is thought to cause less respiratory depression than meperidineshould not be used in woman that are drug addicts.
does not have any sort of analgesia or respiratory depression because it's an ANTAGONIST - given for reversal of opioid induced respiratory depression; remember you are reversing analgesia also, so pt will be in pain
-commonly given when respirations dip below 10-12/min
The most powerful pain killer available. 50 to 100 times stronger than morphine.Rapid onset and short duration of action
most common means of labor analgesia used in small doses to avoid fetal resp. depression avoided if birth is expected within one hour
Ineffective uterine contractions in latent phase; Increase in frequency, May decrease in intensity, Painful, Ineffective in dilating/effacement of cervix, May prolong latent phase of labor.
person familiar with childbirth who provides emotional and physical support throughout labor and delivery
a toxemia of late pregnancy, characterized by hypertension, protein in urine and edema- can lead to seizures and coma
obstetric procedure in which a nonabsorbable suture is used for holding the cervix closed to prevent spontaneous abortion in the woman who has an incompetent cervix.
Excessive volume of amniotic fluid, more than about 2000 mL at term (also called polyhydramnios).
Substance that can produce developmental malformations (birth defects) during the prenatal period
the first milk produced by a woman's breast after childbirth; it is rich in antibodies to protect the child from disease
T-term 37 weeks
P-pre-termafter 20 or before 37
A-aborted before 20 weeks
M-mult. birth numbers of mult. pregnancies
A bluish-purple discoloration of the cervix and vagina. Caused by increased blood supply.
mask of pregnancy; pigmentation disorder that occurs during pregnancy characterized by brown spots on the face
a woman who has given birth to one or more children who reached the age of viability living or dead
a woman who has not given birth to a child who reached the point of viability (miscarriage)before 20 weeks
membrane, continuous with and covering the fetal side of the placenta, that forms the outer surface of the umbilical cord
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